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Significance of soluble TNF receptor-I in acute-type fulminant hepatitis.

AbstractOBJECTIVE:
Fulminant hepatitis is associated with apoptosis of hepatocytes, which is mediated via Fas and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptors. The clinical significance of apoptotic factors and these receptors was investigated in fulminant hepatitis.
METHODS:
Serum levels of TNF-alpha, soluble TNF receptor-I and -II, soluble Fas antigen, and Fas ligand were measured. Then, the relationships between these parameters and the severity or prognosis of fulminant hepatitis were studied.
RESULTS:
Serum levels of TNF-alpha, soluble TNF receptor-I, and soluble TNF receptor-II were increased in acute-type fulminant hepatitis. In particular, soluble TNF receptor-I was significantly higher than in patients with subacute-type fulminant hepatitis, severe acute hepatitis, acute hepatitis, or healthy controls. The soluble TNF receptor-I level continued to increase or remained high in patients who died of acute-type fulminant hepatitis, and eight of nine patients had a level >10 ng/ml. In contrast, the soluble TNF receptor-I level remained <10 ng/ml in survivors. Soluble Fas and soluble Fas ligand levels tended to increase in all types of acute liver disease and were not specific to fulminant hepatitis.
CONCLUSION:
Our findings suggested that monitoring the soluble TNF receptor-I level may help to assess the prognosis of acute-type fulminant hepatitis and that TNF might be associated with massive hepatic necrosis.
AuthorsK Tokushige, N Yamaguchi, I Ikeda, E Hashimoto, K Yamauchi, N Hayashi
JournalThe American journal of gastroenterology (Am J Gastroenterol) Vol. 95 Issue 8 Pg. 2040-6 (Aug 2000) ISSN: 0002-9270 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID10950055 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Antigens, CD95
  • FASLG protein, human
  • Fas Ligand Protein
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Protein Isoforms
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Topics
  • Acute Disease
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antigens, CD95 (blood)
  • Fas Ligand Protein
  • Female
  • Hepatitis B (blood, metabolism)
  • Hepatitis C (blood, metabolism)
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Membrane Glycoproteins (blood)
  • Middle Aged
  • Protein Isoforms (metabolism)
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor (metabolism)
  • Solubility
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (metabolism)

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