Comparison of the efficacy of mebendazole, albendazole and pyrantel in treatment of human hookworm infections in the southern region of Mali, West Africa.

A randomized, placebo-controlled trial of the efficacy of pyrantel (single dose 12.5 mg/kg bodyweight), mebendazole (single 500 mg dose) and albendazole (single 400 mg dose) in the treatment of hookworm infections (Necator americanus) was carried out in January 1998 in the Southern Region of Mali, West Africa, during the period of Ramadan (Islamic fast). Statistical analysis of the pre-intervention faecal egg counts showed that there was a significant pre-treatment chance bias, despite randomization of subjects into treatment groups, arising from the main effect of sex (heavier infections among males) and a sex x treatment interaction (the sex bias was not evident in the pyrantel-treatment group). The participants were re-examined 10 days after treatment, and after controlling for the drift in faecal egg counts in the placebo-treated subset, age, sex, fasting and intensity of infection, albendazole was clearly the most effective drug showing consistently efficacies in the range 92.1 to 99.7%, depending on the method of evaluation and the particular subset of the treatment group. Neither mebendazole nor pyrantel was as effective, with efficacies ranging from 60.9 to 89.8% and 4.8 to 89.7%, respectively. Fasting made no difference to drug efficacy. On the basis of our results the single 400 mg dose of albendazole is the treatment of choice for hookworm infections in this region of Mali. We emphasize the need for standardization of the methods used for trial designs, for calculation of summary data relating to drug efficacies and the accompanying statistical tests.
AuthorsM Sacko, D De Clercq, J M Behnke, F S Gilbert, P Dorny, J Vercruysse
JournalTransactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg) 1999 Mar-Apr Vol. 93 Issue 2 Pg. 195-203 ISSN: 0035-9203 [Print] ENGLAND
PMID10450449 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Comparative Study, Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Anthelmintics
  • Pyrantel
  • Mebendazole
  • Albendazole
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Albendazole (therapeutic use)
  • Anthelmintics (therapeutic use)
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cohort Studies
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Feces (parasitology)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mali
  • Mebendazole (therapeutic use)
  • Middle Aged
  • Necatoriasis (drug therapy)
  • Parasite Egg Count
  • Pyrantel (therapeutic use)
  • Treatment Outcome

Join CureHunter, for free Research Interface BASIC access!

Take advantage of free CureHunter research engine access to explore the best drug and treatment options for any disease. Find out why thousands of doctors, pharma researchers and patient activists around the world use CureHunter every day.
Realize the full power of the drug-disease research network!

Choose Username:
Verify Password: