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[The use of maternal serum cytokines in the predicting of the efficacy of tocolytic therapy in case of the threat of preterm labor].

AbstractOBJECTIVES:
The purpose of our study was to evaluate the use of maternal serum IL-8, IL-6, IFN-gamma levels in the predicting of the efficacy of tocolytic therapy in preterm labor.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
We investigated prospectively the group of 47 women in singleton pregnancies with threatened preterm labor in less than 36 weeks gestation and administered tocolytic therapy.
RESULTS:
In 19 of them tocolysis failed (group II and they delivered premature newborns (the group I--successful tocolysis consisted of remaining 28 women). The incidence of clinical chorioamnionitis, histologic chorioamnionitis and inherited infection of newborns was significantly higher among women refractory to tocolytic therapy (10.2%, 36.8%, 26.3% versus 0%, 3.6%, 0%, respectively, p < 0.05). Maternal serum IL-8, IL-6, IFN-gamma (by means of ELISA technique) and CRP, WBC, ESR levels were measured at the admission to the study. The mean WBC, ESR and the median (range) IFN-gamma (0 (0-7.1) and 0.9 (0-10.4) pg/ml, respectively) didn't differ in both groups. The concentrations of serum IL-8, IL-6, CRP were significantly higher in the group of failed tocolysis (median (range): IL-8: 22.7 (6.3-83.2) vs 3.0 (0-26.0) pg/ml; IL-6: 7.4 (0-21.0) vs 0 (0-11.3) pg/ml; CRP: 1.8 (0.6-7.0) vs 0.6 (0.6-3.9) mg/dl; p < 0.05). Serum IL-8 determinations (definition of abnormal test: > 8 pg/ml) were found the most reliable in the prediction of tocolysis failure with a sensitivity 87.5%, specificity 81.8%, positive predictive value 77.8%, negative predictive value 90% and accuracy 84.2%. Also reliable were IL-6 determinations (IL-6 > 6 pg/ml had a sensitivity 75%, specificity 90.9%, positive predictive value 85.7%, negative predictive value 83.3% and accuracy 84.2%) and CRP determinations (CRP > 1.2 mg/dl had a sensitivity 75%, specificity 81.8%, positive predictive value 75%, negative predictive value 81.8% and accuracy 78.9%). The efficacy of IFN-gamma, WBC and ESR was significantly lower.
CONCLUSIONS:
Our data revealed that the maternal serum IL-8, IL-6 and CRP determinations are very useful in the predicting of the efficacy of tocolytic therapy in women with threatened preterm labor. The use of IFN-gamma, WBC, ESR was significantly lower.
AuthorsM Nowak, P Oszukowski, A Pieta, M Szpakowski, E Małafiej, A Malinowski, E Wierzbicka, W Drzazga
JournalGinekologia polska (Ginekol Pol) Vol. 69 Issue 12 Pg. 997-1002 (Dec 1998) ISSN: 0017-0011 [Print] POLAND
Vernacular TitlePrzydatność oznaczeń wybranych cytokin w surowicy ciezarnych w przewidywaniu skuteczności tokolizy w przypadkach zagrazajacego porodu przedwczesnego.
PMID10224764 (Publication Type: English Abstract, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Cytokines
  • Tocolytic Agents
Topics
  • Cytokines (blood)
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Obstetric Labor, Premature (drug therapy)
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Pregnancy
  • Prospective Studies
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Tocolytic Agents (therapeutic use)

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