Nuchal Cord

A complication of pregnancy in which the UMBILICAL CORD wraps around the fetal neck once or multiple times. In some cases, cord entanglement around fetal neck may not affect pregnancy outcome significantly. In others, the nuchal cord may lead to restricted fetal blood flow, oxygen transport, fetal development, fetal movement, and complicated delivery at birth.
Also Known As:
Double Nuchal Cord; Quadruple Nuchal Cord; Single Nuchal Cord; Triple Nuchal Cord; Cord Entanglements, Fetal; Cord, Double Nuchal; Cord, Nuchal; Fetal Cord Entanglements; Nuchal Cord, Double; Nuchal Cord, Quadruple; Nuchal Cord, Single; Nuchal Cord, Triple; Fetal Cord Entanglement
Networked: 37 relevant articles (0 outcomes, 4 trials/studies)

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Premature Obstetric Labor (Premature Labor)
2. Infertility (Sterility)
3. Neonatal Anemia
4. Anemia
5. Fetal Distress


1. Richardson, Bryan S: 2 articles (12/2013 - 02/2010)
2. To, William Wing Kee: 1 article (08/2015)
3. Kong, Choi Wah: 1 article (08/2015)
4. Chan, Lin Wai: 1 article (08/2015)
5. Kong, C W: 1 article (04/2015)
6. Chan, L W: 1 article (04/2015)
7. To, William W K: 1 article (04/2015)
8. Lee, Diana H Y: 1 article (04/2015)
9. Vain, Nestor E: 1 article (07/2014)
10. Berazategui, Juan P: 1 article (07/2014)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Nuchal Cord:
1. OxygenIBA
2. Hemoglobins (Hemoglobin)IBA
3. Dihydrotachysterol (AT 10)IBA
4. GasesIBA
5. Interleukin-6 (Interleukin 6)IBA
6. HypoxanthineIBA
7. Interleukin-10 (Interleukin 10)IBA
8. Interleukin-8 (Interleukin 8)IBA
9. Tobacco Smoke Pollution (Passive Smoking)IBA
10. Oxytocin (Pitocin)FDA LinkGeneric

Therapies and Procedures

1. Resuscitation
2. Cesarean Section (Caesarean Section)
3. Neonatal Intensive Care
03/01/2013 - "Term neonates with a tight nuchal cord were slightly more likely to be admitted to a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (6.6% vs 5.9% admission rate, P=0.000). "
05/01/2013 - "When the groups were compared in terms of maternal and neonatal outcomes, the rates of a nuchal cord at birth, breech birth, birth weight of less than 2500 g, preterm delivery (<37 weeks), and neonatal intensive care unit admission were higher in the amniotic sheet group than the control group. "
05/01/1998 - "Outcome variables assessed included: incidence of cesarean delivery, nuchal cord at delivery, meconium-stained amniotic fluid (AF), 5-min Apgar score < 7, fetal growth restriction (< 10th percentile for 41 weeks' gestation), meconium aspiration syndrome, and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission. "
07/01/1995 - "There was a significantly higher incidence of Apgar score less than 7 at 1 minute, meconium-stained amniotic fluid, emergency cesarean section, need for neonatal resuscitation, and of admission to the neonatal intensive care unit in the nuchal cord group compared with the controls. "
10/01/1986 - "The results suggest that in the presence of variable decelerations: there is a higher incidence of fetal distress in labor, low Apgar scores, neonatal intensive care unit admissions, and nuchal cord involvement; the presence of accelerations and normal variability is associated with good neonatal outcome, whereas their absence is associated with adverse outcome; the presence of accelerations or good variability is not independently correlated with neonatal outcome."
4. Surgical Instruments (Clip)
5. Intensive Care (Surgical Intensive Care)