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External Fixators

External devices which hold wires or pins that are placed through one or both cortices of bone in order to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment. These devices allow easy access to wounds, adjustment during the course of healing, and more functional use of the limbs involved.
Also Known As:
Device, External Fixation; Devices, External Fixation; External Fixation Device; External Fixation Devices; External Fixator; Fixation Device, External; Fixator, External; Fixators, External; Fixation Devices, External
Networked: 1240 relevant articles (51 outcomes, 113 trials/studies)

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Therapy Context: Research Results

Experts

1. Eralp, Levent: 14 articles (01/2014 - 01/2002)
2. Kocaoglu, Mehmet: 11 articles (11/2013 - 01/2003)
3. Tsuchiya, Hiroyuki: 7 articles (03/2014 - 09/2005)
4. Song, Hae-Ryong: 7 articles (06/2013 - 04/2005)
5. Sabharwal, Sanjeev: 6 articles (01/2016 - 01/2005)
6. Demiralp, Bahtiyar: 6 articles (11/2014 - 07/2003)
7. Watanabe, Koji: 6 articles (03/2014 - 09/2005)
8. Li, Ming: 5 articles (11/2015 - 07/2009)
9. Zhang, Jingwei: 5 articles (11/2015 - 07/2012)
10. Rozbruch, S Robert: 5 articles (07/2014 - 11/2002)

Related Diseases

1. Congenital Abnormalities (Deformity)
2. Infection
02/24/2009 - "Out of the 14 patients (15 sites) undergoing autografting, 2 patients (2 sites, 13.3%) developed nonunion due to recurrent infection resulting in absorption of autograft, subsequently received debridement and autografting once again, and gained bone union and infection eradication; 12 patients (13 sites, 86.7%) gained bone union with an external fixator index: of (1.96 +/- 0.74) months/cm. Re-fracture occurred in 3 patients (4 sites) and was cured by using cast immobilization (1 case), external fixator (1 case), or internal fixation (1 case). "
09/01/2006 - "Although they can lead to improved extension at the proximal interphalangeal joint, external fixators carry a risk of reduced finger flexion and pin site infection. "
06/01/1992 - "However, improved techniques of pin insertion and cast application upon removal of the external fixator may help to reduce the incidence of pin tract infections and malunion."
09/01/2015 - "The objectives of this study were to determine whether (1) bone union can be obtained with a monoplane external fixator; (2) infections can be treated; (3) the lower limb axes and alignment can be controlled; and (4) patient satisfaction is high. "
09/01/2014 - "The purpose of this study was to compare the infection risk when internal fixation plates either overlap or did not overlap previous external fixator pin sites in patients with bicondylar tibial plateau fractures and pilon fractures treated with a 2-staged protocol of acute spanning external fixation and later definitive internal fixation. "
3. Contracture
4. Wounds and Injuries (Trauma)
5. Open Fractures (Compound Fracture)

Related Drugs and Biologics

1. Durapatite (Hydroxylapatite)
2. Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita
3. Lipid A
4. Chlorhexidine
5. Cosmetics
6. Cimetidine (Biomet)
7. Methylmethacrylate (Metaplex)
8. Sodium Chloride (Saline Solution)
9. Smoke
10. Povidone-Iodine (Betadine)

Related Therapies and Procedures

1. Osteotomy
2. Debridement
3. Transplants (Transplant)
4. Traction
5. Aftercare (After-Treatment)