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Turner Syndrome (Turner's Syndrome)

A syndrome of defective gonadal development in phenotypic females associated with the karyotype 45,X (or 45,XO). Patients generally are of short stature with undifferentiated GONADS (streak gonads), SEXUAL INFANTILISM, HYPOGONADISM, webbing of the neck, cubitus valgus, elevated GONADOTROPINS, decreased ESTRADIOL level in blood, and CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS. NOONAN SYNDROME (also called Pseudo-Turner Syndrome and Male Turner Syndrome) resembles this disorder; however, it occurs in males and females with a normal karyotype and is inherited as an autosomal dominant.
Also Known As:
Turner's Syndrome; Bonnevie Ullrich Syndrome; Monosomy X; Status Bonnevie-Ullrich; Ullrich-Turner Syndrome; Status Bonnevie Ullrich; Syndrome, Ullrich-Turner; Turners Syndrome; Ullrich Turner Syndrome; XO Gonadal Dysgenesis; Bonnevie-Ullrich Syndrome; Gonadal Dysgenesis, 45,X; Gonadal Dysgenesis, XO
Networked: 1749 relevant articles (50 outcomes, 244 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Aortic Coarctation
2. Chronic Kidney Failure (Chronic Renal Failure)
3. Chronic Renal Insufficiency
4. Aneuploidy (Aneuploid)
5. Prader-Willi Syndrome (Syndrome, Prader-Willi)

Experts

1. Gravholt, Claus Højbjerg: 21 articles (01/2022 - 01/2002)
2. Gravholt, Claus H: 16 articles (01/2020 - 01/2009)
3. Ranke, Michael B: 16 articles (06/2015 - 01/2004)
4. Ross, Judith L: 15 articles (01/2021 - 01/2005)
5. de Muinck Keizer-Schrama, Sabine M P F: 14 articles (10/2014 - 03/2003)
6. Sas, Theo C J: 12 articles (01/2018 - 12/2002)
7. Bondy, Carolyn A: 12 articles (01/2015 - 09/2003)
8. Quigley, Charmian A: 11 articles (01/2021 - 05/2002)
9. Wit, Jan M: 11 articles (01/2019 - 03/2010)
10. Davenport, Marsha L: 10 articles (01/2021 - 03/2003)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Turner Syndrome:
1. Growth Hormone (Somatotropin)IBA
2. Oxandrolone (Anavar)FDA LinkGeneric
3. Human Growth Hormone (Saizen)FDA LinkGeneric
4. Glucose (Dextrose)FDA LinkGeneric
5. Estrogens (Estrogen)FDA Link
6. AndrogensIBA
7. dichlorobis(azomycin)platinum IIIBA
8. MineralsIBA
9. somatrem (Protropin)FDA Link
10. Cell-Free Nucleic AcidsIBA

Therapies and Procedures

1. Therapeutics
2. Estrogen Replacement Therapy
3. Stents
4. Hormone Replacement Therapy (Therapy, Hormone Replacement)
5. Injections