Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome (Syndrome, TMJ)

A symptom complex consisting of pain, muscle tenderness, clicking in the joint, and limitation or alteration of mandibular movement. The symptoms are subjective and manifested primarily in the masticatory muscles rather than the temporomandibular joint itself. Etiologic factors are uncertain but include occlusal dysharmony and psychophysiologic factors.
Also Known As:
Syndrome, TMJ; TMJ Syndrome; Costen's Syndrome; Costen Syndrome; Costens Syndrome; Joint Syndrome, Temporomandibular; Syndrome, Costen's; Syndrome, Temporomandibular Joint; Myofascial Pain Dysfunction Syndrome, Temporomandibular Joint; Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome
Networked: 49 relevant articles (3 outcomes, 1 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Neoplasms (Cancer)
2. Pain (Aches)
3. Temporomandibular Joint Disorders (Temporomandibular Joint Disorder)
4. Malocclusion (Crossbite)
5. Arthralgia (Joint Pain)


1. Furlan, Renata Maria Moreira Moraes: 1 article (03/2015)
2. Giovanardi, Raquel Safar: 1 article (03/2015)
3. Oliveira e Britto, Denise Brandão de: 1 article (03/2015)
4. Britto, Ana Teresa Brandão de Oliveira e: 1 article (03/2015)
5. Bonjardim, Leonardo Rigoldi: 1 article (11/2012)
6. Ribeiro, Maria Amália Gonzaga: 1 article (11/2012)
7. Maia, Mila Leite de Moraes: 1 article (11/2012)
8. Maia, Luiz Guilherme Martins: 1 article (11/2012)
9. Conti, Paulo César Rodrigues: 1 article (11/2012)
10. Quintans, Jullyana de Souza Siqueira: 1 article (11/2012)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome:
1. tebufenozide (Mimic)IBA
2. Non-Narcotic Analgesics (Analgesics, Non Narcotic)IBA
3. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (Tumor Necrosis Factor)IBA
4. Prednisolone (Predate)FDA LinkGeneric
5. Methocarbamol (Robaxin)FDA LinkGeneric
6. Hydrocortisone (Cortisol)FDA LinkGeneric
7. HormonesIBA
8. Diazepam (Valium)FDA LinkGeneric
9. Eagle syndromeIBA
10. thiazolyl blueIBA

Therapies and Procedures

1. Occlusal Splints
2. Occlusal Adjustment
3. General Anesthesia
4. Massage (Reflexology)
5. Dental Occlusion