Sleep Disorders

Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
Also Known As:
Long Sleeper Syndrome; Short Sleeper Syndrome; Sleep-Related Neurogenic Tachypnea; Subwakefullness Syndrome; Long Sleeper Syndromes; Neurogenic Tachypnea, Sleep-Related; Neurogenic Tachypneas, Sleep-Related; Short Sleeper Syndromes; Sleep Related Neurogenic Tachypnea; Sleep-Related Neurogenic Tachypneas; Sleeper Syndrome, Long; Sleeper Syndrome, Short; Sleeper Syndromes, Long; Sleeper Syndromes, Short; Subwakefullness Syndromes; Syndrome, Long Sleeper; Syndrome, Short Sleeper; Syndrome, Subwakefullness; Syndromes, Long Sleeper; Syndromes, Short Sleeper; Syndromes, Subwakefullness; Tachypnea, Sleep-Related Neurogenic; Tachypneas, Sleep-Related Neurogenic
Networked: 1194 relevant articles (92 outcomes, 185 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders (Insomnia)
2. Dementia (Dementias)
3. Epilepsy (Aura)
4. Chronic Kidney Failure (Chronic Renal Failure)
5. Pain (Aches)


1. Cardinali, Daniel P: 10 articles (09/2011 - 04/2002)
2. Novak, Marta: 7 articles (01/2014 - 07/2004)
3. Mucsi, Istvan: 7 articles (01/2014 - 07/2004)
4. Nishino, Seiji: 7 articles (06/2008 - 10/2002)
5. Flick, Uwe: 6 articles (12/2012 - 07/2010)
6. Cirillo, Massimo: 6 articles (09/2010 - 07/2006)
7. De Santo, Rosa Maria: 6 articles (09/2010 - 07/2006)
8. Reiter, Russel J: 5 articles (01/2015 - 04/2002)
9. Zisapel, Nava: 5 articles (01/2015 - 01/2004)
10. Sakurai, Takeshi: 5 articles (10/2013 - 08/2004)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Sleep Disorders:
1. MelatoninIBA
2. BenzodiazepinesIBA
3. Hypnotics and Sedatives (Sedatives)IBA
4. orexins (orexin)IBA
5. modafinil (armodafinil)FDA Link
6. Carbon MonoxideIBA
7. ((2R)- 2- ((1S)- 6,7- dimethoxy- 1- (2- (4- trifluoromethylphenyl)- ethyl)- 3,4- dihydro- 1H- isoquinolin- 2- yl)- N- methyl- 2- phenylacetamide)IBA
8. ramelteon (Rozerem)FDA Link
9. Tricyclic Antidepressive Agents (Tricyclic Antidepressants)IBA
10. Serotonin (5 Hydroxytryptamine)IBA

Therapies and Procedures

1. Aftercare (After-Treatment)
2. Renal Dialysis (Hemodialysis)
3. Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
10/01/2009 - "Medicare has lowered the diagnostic threshold for diagnosis and reimbursement; the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Revision 2 (2005) has allowed OSA to be diagnosed exclusively by a laboratory test without the patient having clinical symptoms of excessive daytime sleepiness; and industry is poised to have the public buy computer-assisted continuous positive airway pressure machines without need of a physician prescription. "
03/01/2008 - "Treatment of sleep disorders, specifically sleep apnea with continuous positive airway pressure, has been shown to improve patient erectile function. "
11/01/1999 - "A study was conducted at the Tri-State Sleep Disorders Center of Cincinnati, Ohio, to evaluate both quantitative and qualitative daily function and productivity outcomes of treating obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP). "
09/01/2014 - "In conclusion, ophthalmic evaluation should be recommended in patients with severe OSAHS, and the presence of sleep disorders should be investigated in patients with glaucoma, especially in NTG patients and in those with progressive damage despite controlled IOP, as treatment with continuous positive airway pressure may contribute to stabilizing the progression of glaucomatous damage. "
12/01/2001 - "The large and growing numbers of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) attending sleep disorders clinics create major logistical difficulties for the follow-up of these patients, particularly those on nasal continuous positive airway pressure therapy (CPAP). "
4. Phototherapy (Light Therapy)
5. Hypnosis (Mesmerism)