Secondary Parkinson Disease (Secondary Parkinsonism)

Conditions which feature clinical manifestations resembling primary Parkinson disease that are caused by a known or suspected condition. Examples include parkinsonism caused by vascular injury, drugs, trauma, toxin exposure, neoplasms, infections and degenerative or hereditary conditions. Clinical features may include bradykinesia, rigidity, parkinsonian gait, and masked facies. In general, tremor is less prominent in secondary parkinsonism than in the primary form. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1998, Ch38, pp39-42)
Also Known As:
Secondary Parkinsonism; Parkinson Disease, Secondary; Parkinson Disease, Secondary Vascular; Parkinson Disease, Symptomatic; Parkinsonism, Secondary; Parkinsonism, Symptomatic; Secondary Vascular Parkinson Disease; Parkinsonism, Atherosclerotic; Symptomatic Parkinsonism; Atherosclerotic Parkinsonism; Symptomatic Parkinson Disease
Networked: 47 relevant articles (1 outcomes, 3 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Parkinson Disease (Parkinson's Disease)
2. Parkinsonian Disorders (Parkinsonism)
3. Encephalitis (Encephalitis, Rasmussen)
4. Dystonia (Limb Dystonia)
5. Leukoencephalopathies


1. Mohammed, Talal A: 1 article (07/2015)
2. Khedr, Eman M: 1 article (07/2015)
3. Attar, Ghada Al: 1 article (07/2015)
4. Zaki, Ahmed F: 1 article (07/2015)
5. Abbas, Mohammed Abd Allah: 1 article (07/2015)
6. Fawi, Gharib: 1 article (07/2015)
7. El-Fetoh, Noha Abo: 1 article (07/2015)
8. Nash, Joanne E: 1 article (11/2014)
9. Brotchie, Jonathan M: 1 article (11/2014)
10. Lo, Charlotte: 1 article (11/2014)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Secondary Parkinson Disease:
1. Levodopa (L Dopa)FDA LinkGeneric
2. 1- Methyl- 4- phenyl- 1,2,3,6- tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)IBA
3. Antipsychotic Agents (Antipsychotics)IBA
4. alpha-SynucleinIBA
5. Monoamine Oxidase (MAO)IBA
6. ManganeseIBA
7. Sertraline (Zoloft)FDA LinkGeneric
8. Meperidine (Pethidine)FDA LinkGeneric
9. Dihydroxyphenylalanine (Dopa)IBA
10. Carbidopa (Lodosyn)FDA LinkGeneric

Therapies and Procedures

1. Deep Brain Stimulation
2. Radiotherapy
3. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
4. Bone Marrow Transplantation (Transplantation, Bone Marrow)
5. Prostatectomy (Retropubic Prostatectomy)