Multiple Personality Disorder (Multiple Personalities)

A dissociative disorder in which the individual adopts two or more distinct personalities. Each personality is a fully integrated and complex unit with memories, behavior patterns and social friendships. Transition from one personality to another is sudden.
Also Known As:
Multiple Personalities; Dissociative Identity Disorder; Multiple Personality; Dual Personality; Multiple Identity Disorder; Disorder, Dissociative Identity; Disorder, Multiple Identity; Disorder, Multiple Personality; Identity Disorder, Dissociative; Identity Disorder, Multiple; Multiple Identity Disorders; Multiple Personality Disorders; Personalities, Dual; Personalities, Multiple; Personality Disorder, Multiple; Personality Disorders, Multiple; Personality, Dual; Personality, Multiple
Networked: 98 relevant articles (2 outcomes, 3 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Wounds and Injuries (Trauma)
2. Multiple Personality Disorder (Multiple Personalities)
3. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders (PTSD)
4. Dissociative Disorders (Fugue)
5. Borderline Personality Disorder (Personality Disorders, Borderline)


1. Nijenhuis, Ellert R S: 3 articles (03/2015 - 01/2013)
2. Chalavi, Sima: 2 articles (03/2015 - 01/2013)
3. Reinders, Antje A T S: 2 articles (03/2015 - 01/2014)
4. Schlumpf, Yolanda R: 2 articles (01/2014 - 01/2013)
5. Luechinger, Roger: 2 articles (01/2014 - 01/2013)
6. Jäncke, Lutz: 2 articles (01/2014 - 01/2013)
7. Cascalho, Marilia: 1 article (09/2015)
8. Platt, Jeffrey L: 1 article (09/2015)
9. Draijer, Nel: 1 article (03/2015)
10. Giesen, Mechteld E: 1 article (03/2015)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Multiple Personality Disorder:
1. Risperidone (Risperdal Consta)FDA LinkGeneric
2. Lorazepam (Ativan)FDA LinkGeneric
3. mirtazapine (Rexer)FDA LinkGeneric
4. Atrial Natriuretic Factor (ANF)IBA
5. Carbon MonoxideIBA
6. IronIBA
7. Growth InhibitorsIBA
8. Chelating AgentsIBA
9. Carbamazepine (Tegretol)FDA LinkGeneric
10. Amobarbital (Amsal)IBA

Therapies and Procedures

1. Hypnosis (Mesmerism)
01/01/2002 - "This study compared the reports of satanic, sexual, and physical abuse of persons instructed to role-play either dissociative identity disorder (DID) (n = 33), major depression (n = 33), or a college student who experienced minor adjustment problems ("normal") (n = 33) across a number of trials that included role-played hypnosis. "
03/01/1984 - "The study of multiple personalities offers insights into the capabilities of hypnosis, the genesis of an unconscious, and the mechanism of repression."
01/01/2015 - "In this transcription of a lecture given in 2000, Jay Haley begins by answering the question, "What is hypnosis?"  Haley reviews the circumstances of Gregory Bateson encouraging him to meet with Milton Erickson to discuss the history of hypnosis and the paradoxical nature of trance induction. Haley expresses many original thoughts about multiple personalities, regression to past lives, and how to handle memories that historically may be false. Sophisticated and subtle, this is Haley at his best. "
10/01/2009 - "This paper has reviewed the author's experience with hypnosis and related therapies from 1934 through World War II, psychological warfare, multiple personality, the origins and feuding of hypnosis societies, the development of hypnotic ego state therapy and the unique contributions of his colleague and wife, Helen Watkins."
01/01/2004 - "It may be that there is some basis to this belief and that dreams truly represent a mirror of our unconscious and not only random processes moving along according to some brain "computation." These ideas are supported by some findings that involve connections among dissociative processes, hypnosis, and multiple personality disorder (MPD). "
2. Occupational Therapy (Therapy, Occupational)
3. Role Playing (Playing, Role)
4. Split-Brain Procedure (Split-Brain)
5. Drug Therapy (Chemotherapy)