Clinical manifestation of the digestive system consisting of contraction of the muscle of the pharynx caused by stimulation of sensory receptors on the soft palate, by psychic stimuli, or systemically by drugs.
Also Known As:
Pharyngeal Reflex; Reflex, Pharyngeal
Networked: 133 relevant articles (6 outcomes, 7 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Vomiting
2. Spinal Cord Injuries (Spinal Cord Injury)
3. Motion Sickness (Airsickness)
4. Hiatal Hernia
5. Esophagitis


1. Critchley, Lester A H: 2 articles (10/2006 - 05/2002)
2. Visscher, C M: 1 article (07/2015)
3. LaFerriere, Keith A: 1 article (07/2015)
4. Boomsma, D I: 1 article (07/2015)
5. van Wijk, A J: 1 article (07/2015)
6. Jones, Kristin A: 1 article (07/2015)
7. de Jongh, A: 1 article (07/2015)
8. van Houtem, C M H H: 1 article (07/2015)
9. Ligthart, L: 1 article (07/2015)
10. Niyogi, Mausumi: 1 article (04/2015)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Gagging:
1. Nitrous Oxide (Laughing Gas)IBA
2. Propofol (Diprivan)FDA LinkGeneric
3. DroperidolFDA LinkGeneric
4. Succinylcholine (Suxamethonium Chloride)FDA LinkGeneric
5. OxygenIBA
6. Dietary Sodium Chloride (Table Salt)IBA
7. Proton Pump InhibitorsIBA
8. Evans Blue (Blue, Evans)FDA Link
9. lime (calcium oxide)FDA Link
10. Lidocaine (Xylocaine)FDA LinkGeneric

Therapies and Procedures

1. Sutures (Suture)
2. Anesthesia
03/01/1999 - "The efficacy of anesthesia was scored by the patient reaction (coughing or gagging) to instrumentation in the pharynx, at the glottis, and in the trachea; to passage of the tracheal tube into the trachea; and to the presence of the tube in the trachea. "
04/01/2011 - "As crying and attempting to cry are similar, we propose that at least two of the following five behaviors are present to consider a neonate awake after anesthesia: (i) crying or attempting to cry, (ii) vigorous limb movements, (iii) gagging on a tracheal tube, (iv) eyes open, and (v) looking around. "
02/01/2012 - "At the α level following Bonferroni correction, LMA showed less coughing or gagging during the anesthesia phase for all surgeries combined (48% for ETT vs. 20% for LMA; χ(2) = 10.153, P = .002), and for ETT nontonsillectomy vs. LMA nontonsillectomy (48% for ETT vs. 3% for LMA; χ(2) = 15.196, P = .000), spontaneous ventilation was used more often in the LMA group when comparing all surgeries (χ(2) = 19.493, P = .000), and when comparing ETT tonsillectomy and LMA tonsillectomy (χ(2) = 11.131, P = .000). "
04/01/1999 - "Dental patients who may benefit from office-based anesthesia include patients undergoing stressful procedures, fearful patients, medically or behaviorally challenged patients, young children, and patients with a history of gagging or local anesthesia problems. "
11/01/1993 - "In the prone position, changes in the autonomic nervous system during surgical procedures and anesthesia, vascular congestion resulting from the surgical position, an overactive pharyngeal reflex stimulated by endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation are discussed as possible causes. "
3. Dental Care
4. Acupressure (Shiatsu)
5. Prostheses and Implants (Prosthesis)