Myoclonic Epilepsies (Myoclonic Encephalopathy)

A clinically diverse group of epilepsy syndromes characterized either by myoclonic seizures or by myoclonus in association with other seizure types. Myoclonic epilepsy syndromes are divided into three subtypes based on etiology: familial, cryptogenic, and symptomatic (i.e., occurring secondary to known disease processes such as infections, hypoxic-ischemic injuries, trauma, etc.).
Also Known As:
Myoclonic Encephalopathy; Epilepsy, Myoclonus; Epilepsy, Myoclonic; Myoclonus Epilepsy; Myoclonic Epilepsy; Absence Epilepsy, Myoclonic; Epilepsies, Myoclonic; Benign Infantile Myoclonic Epilepsy; Cryptogenic Myoclonic Epilepsy; Early Childhood Epilepsy, Myoclonic; Early Childhood, Myoclonic Epilepsy; Encephalopathy, Myoclonic; Epilepsy, Early Childhood, Myoclonic; Epilepsy, Myoclonic, Early Childhood; Epilepsy, Myoclonic, Infantile; Epilepsy, Myoclonic, Infantile, Benign; Epilepsy, Myoclonic, Infantile, Severe; Infantile Severe Myoclonic Epilepsy; Myoclonic Astatic Epilepsy; Myoclonic Epilepsy, Benign Infantile; Myoclonic Epilepsy, Early Childhood; Myoclonic Epilepsy, Infantile, Benign; Myoclonic Epilepsy, Infantile, Severe; Myoclonic Epilepsy, Severe Infantile; Myoclonic Seizure Disorder; Severe Infantile Myoclonic Epilepsy; Severe Myoclonic Epilepsy, Infantile; Absence Epilepsies, Myoclonic; Astatic Epilepsies, Myoclonic; Astatic Epilepsy, Myoclonic; Cryptogenic Myoclonic Epilepsies; Disorder, Myoclonic Seizure; Disorders, Myoclonic Seizure; Encephalopathies, Myoclonic; Epilepsies, Cryptogenic Myoclonic; Epilepsies, Idiopathic Myoclonic; Epilepsies, Myoclonic Absence; Epilepsies, Myoclonic Astatic; Epilepsies, Symptomatic Myoclonic; Epilepsy, Cryptogenic Myoclonic; Epilepsy, Idiopathic Myoclonic; Epilepsy, Myoclonic Absence; Epilepsy, Myoclonic Astatic; Epilepsy, Symptomatic Myoclonic; Idiopathic Myoclonic Epilepsies; Myoclonic Absence Epilepsies; Myoclonic Astatic Epilepsies; Myoclonic Encephalopathies; Myoclonic Epilepsies, Cryptogenic; Myoclonic Epilepsies, Idiopathic; Myoclonic Epilepsies, Symptomatic; Myoclonic Epilepsy, Cryptogenic; Myoclonic Epilepsy, Idiopathic; Myoclonic Seizure Disorders; Myoclonus Epilepsies; Seizure Disorder, Myoclonic; Seizure Disorders, Myoclonic; Symptomatic Myoclonic Epilepsies; Idiopathic Myoclonic Epilepsy; Myoclonic Absence Epilepsy; Symptomatic Myoclonic Epilepsy
Networked: 522 relevant articles (23 outcomes, 27 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Seizures (Seizure)
2. Epilepsy (Aura)
3. Infantile Spasms (West Syndrome)
4. Absence Epilepsy (Absence Seizure)
5. Generalized Epilepsy


1. Striano, Pasquale: 8 articles (08/2014 - 03/2006)
2. Zara, Federico: 8 articles (08/2014 - 05/2002)
3. George, Alfred L: 8 articles (12/2012 - 12/2003)
4. Yamakawa, Kazuhiro: 8 articles (06/2012 - 05/2002)
5. Dulac, Olivier: 7 articles (01/2013 - 03/2003)
6. Escayg, Andrew: 6 articles (03/2011 - 02/2006)
7. Scheffer, Ingrid E: 5 articles (05/2013 - 02/2002)
8. Guerrini, Renzo: 5 articles (09/2011 - 06/2002)
9. Berkovic, S F: 5 articles (06/2011 - 07/2001)
10. Ohmori, Iori: 5 articles (05/2011 - 07/2002)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Myoclonic Epilepsies:
1. Valproic Acid (Valproate, Semisodium)FDA LinkGeneric
2. clobazam (HR 376)IBA
3. etiracetam (levetiracetam)FDA LinkGeneric
4. stiripentolIBA
5. Lennox-Gastaut type Epileptic encephalopathyIBA
6. Immunoglobulin E (IgE)IBA
7. BismuthIBA
8. Anticonvulsants (Antiepileptic Drugs)IBA
9. lamotrigine (Lamictal)FDA LinkGeneric
10. VigabatrinFDA Link

Therapies and Procedures

1. Ketogenic Diet
2. Carbohydrate-Restricted Diet (Low Carbohydrate Diet)
3. Renal Dialysis (Hemodialysis)
4. Psychosurgery (Lobotomy)
5. Enzyme Therapy