Venezuelan Equine Encephalomyelitis

A form of arboviral encephalitis endemic to Central America and the northern latitudes of South America. The causative organism (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, VENEZUELAN EQUINE) is transmitted to humans and horses via the bite of several mosquito species. Human viral infection may be asymptomatic or remain restricted to a mild influenza-like illness. Encephalitis, usually not severe, occurs in a small percentage of cases and may rarely feature SEIZURES and COMA. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp9-10)
Also Known As:
Encephalomyelitis, Venezuelan Equine; Encephalomyelitides, Venezuelan Equine; Equine Encephalitis, Venezuelan; Equine Encephalomyelitides, Venezuelan; Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis; Venezuelan Equine Encephalomyelitides; Equine Encephalomyelitis, Venezuelan; Encephalitis, Venezuelan Equine
Networked: 292 relevant articles (13 outcomes, 20 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Infection
2. Neoplasms (Cancer)
3. Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis
4. Yellow Fever
5. Western Equine Encephalomyelitis (Encephalitis, Western Equine)


1. Valero, Nereida: 9 articles (10/2015 - 05/2002)
2. Bonilla, Ernesto: 9 articles (10/2015 - 05/2002)
3. Espina, Luz Marina: 6 articles (02/2009 - 05/2002)
4. Weaver, Scott C: 5 articles (04/2015 - 08/2004)
5. Loktev, V B: 5 articles (12/2009 - 01/2003)
6. Bondarenko, E I: 5 articles (12/2009 - 01/2003)
7. Protopopova, E V: 5 articles (12/2009 - 01/2003)
8. Smith, Jonathan F: 5 articles (01/2008 - 04/2002)
9. Johnston, Robert E: 5 articles (06/2007 - 02/2002)
10. Valero, N: 5 articles (12/2001 - 03/2001)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Venezuelan Equine Encephalomyelitis:
1. VaccinesIBA
2. RNA (Ribonucleic Acid)IBA
3. Formaldehyde (Formol)FDA Link
4. DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid)IBA
5. EpitopesIBA
6. MelatoninIBA
7. SuspensionsIBA
8. Ribavirin (Virazole)FDA LinkGeneric
05/01/1990 - "[The antiviral efficacy of ribamidil in an experimental infection of animals with the Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis virus]."
09/01/1983 - "Although the activity of selenazole against different viruses varied, it was significantly more potent than ribavirin and tiazofurin against all tested representatives of the families Paramyxoviridae (parainfluenza virus type 3, mumps virus, measles virus), Reoviridae (reovirus type 3), Poxviridae (vaccinia virus), Herpes-viridae (herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2), Togaviridae (Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis virus, yellow fever virus, Japanese encephalitis virus), Bunyaviridae (Rift Valley fever virus, sandfly fever virus [strain Sicilian], Korean hemorrhagic fever virus), Arenaviridae (Pichinde virus), Picornaviridae (coxsackieviruses B1 and B4, echovirus type 6, encephalomyocarditis virus), Adenoviridae (adenovirus type 2), and Rhabdoviridae (vesicular stomatitis virus). "
10/01/1984 - "Combinations of ribavirin and selenazofurin were synergistic against Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis, Japanese encephalitis, yellow fever, and Pichinde viruses, with fractional inhibitory concentrations of 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 0.4, respectively, but showed additive effects against Korean hemorrhagic fever and Rift Valley fever viruses. "
10/01/1984 - "Binary combinations of the N-nucleoside ribavirin (1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxamide) and the C-nucleoside analog selenazofurin (2-beta-D-ribofuranosylselenazole-4-carboxamide) or tiazofurin (2-beta-D-ribofuranosylthiazole-4-carboxamide) were tested in vitro for activity against Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis, Japanese encephalitis, yellow fever, Rift Valley fever, Korean hemorrhagic fever, and Pichinde viruses. "
9. Dactinomycin (Ac-De)FDA LinkGeneric
10. Poly I-CIBA

Therapies and Procedures

1. Hormone Replacement Therapy (Therapy, Hormone Replacement)
2. Lasers (Laser)
3. Intraperitoneal Injections
4. Enema (Enemas)