Duane Retraction Syndrome (Duane Syndrome)

A syndrome characterized by marked limitation of abduction of the eye, variable limitation of adduction and retraction of the globe, and narrowing of the palpebral fissure on attempted adduction. The condition is caused by aberrant innervation of the lateral rectus by fibers of the OCULOMOTOR NERVE.
Also Known As:
Duane Syndrome; Syndrome, Duane; Duanes Syndrome; Syndrome, Duane's; Acrorenoocular Syndrome; Co-Contractive Retraction Syndrome; Duane Anomaly; Duane Anomaly with Radial Abnormalities and Deafness; Duane Anomaly with Radial Ray Abnormalities and Deafness; Duane Anomaly, Isolated; Duane Retraction Syndrome 1; Duane Retraction Syndrome 2; Duane Retraction Syndrome, Type 1; Duane Retraction Syndrome, Type 2; Duane Retraction Syndrome, Type 3; Duane's Syndrome; Duane-Radial Ray Syndrome; Isolated Duane Retraction Syndrome; Okihiro Syndrome; Retraction Syndrome; Stilling-Turk-Duane Syndrome; Type 1 Duane Retraction Syndrome; Type 2 Duane Retraction Syndrome; Type 3 Duane Retraction Syndrome; Acrorenoocular Syndromes; Anomaly, Duane; Anomaly, Isolated Duane; Co Contractive Retraction Syndrome; Co-Contractive Retraction Syndromes; Duane Anomalies, Isolated; Duane Radial Ray Syndrome; Isolated Duane Anomalies; Isolated Duane Anomaly; Ocular Retraction Syndromes; Retraction Syndrome, Co-Contractive; Retraction Syndrome, Duane; Retraction Syndrome, Ocular; Retraction Syndromes; Stilling Turk Duane Syndrome; Stilling-Turk-Duane Syndromes; Syndrome, Acrorenoocular; Syndrome, Duane Retraction; Syndrome, Duane-Radial Ray; Syndrome, Ocular Retraction; Syndrome, Okihiro; Ocular Retraction Syndrome
Networked: 98 relevant articles (5 outcomes, 6 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Abducens Nerve Diseases (Sixth Nerve Palsy)
2. Esotropia (Esophoria)
3. Ocular Motility Disorders (Convergence Insufficiency)
4. Hearing Loss (Hearing Impairment)
5. Mobius Syndrome (Moebius Syndrome)


1. Engle, Elizabeth C: 5 articles (05/2017 - 12/2007)
2. Chan, Wai-Man: 3 articles (05/2017 - 08/2011)
3. Demer, Joseph L: 3 articles (08/2011 - 11/2006)
4. Fricker, Lloyd D: 3 articles (12/2010 - 06/2005)
5. Guthrie, Sarah: 2 articles (01/2021 - 09/2012)
6. Hamada, Michito: 2 articles (01/2020 - 01/2018)
7. Morito, Naoki: 2 articles (01/2020 - 01/2018)
8. Takahashi, Satoru: 2 articles (01/2020 - 01/2018)
9. Usui, Toshiaki: 2 articles (01/2020 - 01/2018)
10. Kekunnaya, Ramesh: 2 articles (04/2019 - 12/2013)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Duane Retraction Syndrome:
1. Botulinum Toxins (Botulinum Toxin)IBA
2. Dihydrotachysterol (AT 10)IBA
3. Biological ProductsIBA
4. Transcription Factors (Transcription Factor)IBA
5. Thalidomide (Thalomid)FDA Link
6. Retinaldehyde (Retinal)IBA
7. DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid)IBA
8. Nonsense Codon (Nonsense Mutation)IBA
9. Proteins (Proteins, Gene)FDA Link
10. Coenzyme A (CoA)IBA

Therapies and Procedures

1. Sutures (Suture)
2. Myotomy
3. Telescopes
4. Operative Surgical Procedures
5. Therapeutics