Dry Socket (Alveolar Osteitis)

A condition sometimes occurring after tooth extraction, particularly after traumatic extraction, resulting in a dry appearance of the exposed bone in the socket, due to disintegration or loss of the blood clot. It is basically a focal osteomyelitis without suppuration and is accompanied by severe pain (alveolalgia) and foul odor. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Also Known As:
Alveolar Osteitis; Alveolalgias; Alveolar Osteitides; Alveolar Periostitides; Dry Sockets; Osteitides, Alveolar; Periostitides, Alveolar; Socket, Dry; Sockets, Dry; Alveolalgia; Alveolar Periostitis; Alveolitis Sicca Dolorosa; Osteitis, Alveolar; Periostitis, Alveolar
Networked: 182 relevant articles (20 outcomes, 47 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Pain (Aches)
2. Infection
3. Trismus (Lockjaw)
4. Periodontal Diseases (Periodontal Disease)
5. Gingivitis


1. Torres-Lagares, Daniel: 4 articles (06/2010 - 01/2005)
2. Rakhshan, Vahid: 3 articles (04/2015 - 01/2013)
3. Haraji, Afshin: 3 articles (02/2014 - 01/2012)
4. Eshghpour, Majid: 2 articles (05/2015 - 08/2014)
5. Worthington, Helen V: 2 articles (01/2014 - 01/2012)
6. Pal, U S: 2 articles (01/2014 - 01/2013)
7. Furness, Susan: 2 articles (01/2014 - 01/2012)
8. Hita-Iglesias, Pilar: 2 articles (06/2010 - 03/2008)
9. Flores-Ruiz, Rafael: 2 articles (06/2010 - 03/2008)
10. Gutierrez-Perez, Jose Luis: 2 articles (06/2010 - 03/2006)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Dry Socket:
1. ChlorhexidineIBA
2. Anti-Bacterial Agents (Antibiotics)IBA
3. Lidocaine (Xylocaine)FDA LinkGeneric
4. EugenolIBA
5. chlorhexidine gluconate (Dyna-Hex)FDA LinkGeneric
6. Prilocaine (Citanest)FDA LinkGeneric
7. Analgesics (Analgesic Drugs)IBA
8. Tetracycline (Achromycin)FDA LinkGeneric
9. Zinc OxideFDA Link
10. spearmint oil drug combinations iodoform eugenol butyl aminobenzoateIBA

Therapies and Procedures

1. Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT)
2. Tooth Extraction (Tooth Extractions)
04/01/2015 - "Our systemic review is to make a comprehensive review about the aetiology, treatment and the prevention of dry socket, the inclusion criteria were all the studies that discuss the dry socket and its etiology, treatment and prevention and exclusion criteria were all the studies that discuss the other complications of tooth extraction, the materials and methods used for this systemic review was to search in the Pub Medline database between 2008 to 2013, using specific words "dry socket, aetiology, treatment and prevention" and published in the English language, the articles were screened by abstract for relevance to aetiology, treatment and prevention of dry socket, 82 papers were identified in pub med but a total of 36 out of Publications were included in the final systemic review according to the specific keywords and materials mentioned above. "
01/01/2007 - "Effect estimates and methodological quality of randomized controlled trials about prevention of alveolar osteitis following tooth extraction: a systematic review."
06/01/1987 - "1533 single intra-alveolar permanent tooth extractions in males were investigated in a study to determine if the type and technique of local anaesthesia influenced the occurrence of dry socket. "
01/01/2014 - "Alveolar osteitis (AO) is a commonly seen post-operative complication during the wound-healing period after permanent tooth extraction or surgical removal of impacted third molar teeth. "
01/01/2012 - "Dry socket syndrome is one of the most irritating complications after tooth extraction. "
3. Absorbable Gelatin Sponge
4. Injections
5. Curettage