Apraxias (Dyspraxia)

A group of cognitive disorders characterized by the inability to perform previously learned skills that cannot be attributed to deficits of motor or sensory function. The two major subtypes of this condition are ideomotor (see APRAXIA, IDEOMOTOR) and ideational apraxia, which refers to loss of the ability to mentally formulate the processes involved with performing an action. For example, dressing apraxia may result from an inability to mentally formulate the act of placing clothes on the body. Apraxias are generally associated with lesions of the dominant PARIETAL LOBE and supramarginal gyrus. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp56-7)
Also Known As:
Dyspraxia; Apraxia; Apraxia of Phonation; Apraxia, Articulatory; Apraxia, Developmental Verbal; Apraxia, Facial-Oral; Apraxia, Gestural; Apraxia, Motor; Apraxia, Oral; Apraxia, Verbal; Dyspraxia, Articulatory; Dyspraxia, Oral; Dyspraxia, Verbal; Apraxia, Dressing; Apraxia, Facial Oral; Apraxia, Ideational; Apraxias, Articulatory; Apraxias, Developmental Verbal; Apraxias, Dressing; Apraxias, Facial-Oral; Apraxias, Gestural; Apraxias, Ideational; Apraxias, Motor; Apraxias, Oral; Apraxias, Verbal; Articulatory Apraxia; Articulatory Apraxias; Articulatory Dyspraxia; Articulatory Dyspraxias; Developmental Verbal Apraxia; Developmental Verbal Apraxias; Dressing Apraxias; Dyspraxias; Dyspraxias, Articulatory; Dyspraxias, Oral; Dyspraxias, Verbal; Facial-Oral Apraxia; Facial-Oral Apraxias; Gestural Apraxia; Gestural Apraxias; Ideational Apraxias; Motor Apraxia; Motor Apraxias; Oral Apraxia; Oral Apraxias; Oral Dyspraxia; Oral Dyspraxias; Phonation Apraxia; Phonation Apraxias; Verbal Apraxia; Verbal Apraxia, Developmental; Verbal Apraxias; Verbal Apraxias, Developmental; Verbal Dyspraxia; Verbal Dyspraxias; Dressing Apraxia; Ideational Apraxia
Networked: 375 relevant articles (15 outcomes, 33 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Blepharospasm
2. Stroke (Strokes)
3. Paresis (Hemiparesis)
4. Ideomotor Apraxia
5. Seizures (Seizure)


1. Koenig, Michel: 6 articles (01/2015 - 09/2003)
2. Lavin, Martin F: 6 articles (01/2014 - 06/2007)
3. Koenig, M: 6 articles (01/2011 - 02/2001)
4. Becherel, Olivier J: 5 articles (01/2014 - 06/2007)
5. Onodera, Osamu: 5 articles (05/2011 - 03/2007)
6. Anheim, M: 4 articles (05/2011 - 10/2009)
7. Maassen, Ben: 4 articles (04/2003 - 09/2002)
8. Strand, Edythe A: 3 articles (11/2014 - 05/2010)
9. Duffy, Joseph R: 3 articles (11/2014 - 12/2008)
10. Josephs, Keith A: 3 articles (11/2014 - 12/2008)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Apraxias:
1. Carbamazepine (Tegretol)FDA LinkGeneric
2. Botulinum Toxins (Botulinum Toxin)IBA
3. Dexamethasone (Maxidex)FDA LinkGeneric
4. Desipramine (Pertofrane)FDA LinkGeneric
5. Amitriptyline (Elavil)FDA LinkGeneric
6. Amantadine (Aman)FDA LinkGeneric
7. TNFR-Fc fusion protein (etanercept)FDA Link
8. aripiprazole (Abilify)FDA Link
9. amsonic acid (DAS)IBA
10. dicarboxydine (DCD)IBA

Therapies and Procedures

1. Activities of Daily Living (ADL)
2. Psychology Biofeedback (Biofeedback)
3. Pallidotomy
4. Blepharoplasty
5. Eyeglasses (Spectacles)