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Dystonic Disorders (Writer's Cramp) Summary

Description: Acquired and inherited conditions that feature DYSTONIA as a primary manifestation of disease. These disorders are generally divided into generalized dystonias (e.g., dystonia musculorum deformans) and focal dystonias (e.g., writer's cramp). They are also classified by patterns of inheritance and by age of onset.

Also Known As: Writer's Cramp; Idiopathic Familial Dystonia; Focal Dystonia; Adult-Onset Dystonias; Adult-Onset Idiopathic Focal Dystonias Show All >>

Networked: 575 relevant articles (84 outcomes, 57 trials/studies) for this Disease

Key Drugs and Agents for Dystonic Disorders

Efficacy Chart >>
Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to treatments:
  1. Botulinum Toxins (Botulinum Toxin) : 37 outcomes 13 studies in 149 results : IBA
  2. Type A Botulinum Toxins (Botulinum A Toxin) : 8 outcomes 1 study in 36 results : FDA 2
  3. Baclofen : 7 outcomes 2 studies in 20 results : FDA 31 Generic
  4. Levodopa (L Dopa) : 3 outcomes 6 studies in 35 results : FDA 31 Generic
  5. Trihexyphenidyl (Artane) : 2 outcomes 2 studies in 7 results : FDA 16 Generic
  6. Proteins (Proteins, Gene) : 1 outcome 2 studies in 6 results : IBA
  7. Carbon Monoxide : 1 outcome 1 study in 19 results : IBA
  8. Plastics : 1 outcome 1 study in 4 results : IBA
  9. Neurotoxins : 1 outcome 1 study in 4 results : IBA
  10. zolpidem (Ambien) : 1 outcome 1 study in 1 result : FDA 29 Generic
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Diseases Related to Dystonic Disorders

  1. Dystonia (Limb Dystonia)
  2. Hemifacial Spasm
  3. Dystonic Disorders (Writer's Cramp)
  4. Blepharospasm
  5. Movement Disorders (Movement Disorder)
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Key Therapies for Dystonic Disorders

Efficacy Chart >>
  1. Injections : 18 outcomes 8 studies in 69 results
  2. Deep Brain Stimulation : 13 outcomes 9 studies in 85 results
  3. Pallidotomy : 2 outcomes 4 studies in 14 results
  4. Splints : 2 outcomes 1 study in 4 results
  5. Psychology Biofeedback (Biofeedback) : 1 outcome 1 study in 7 results
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