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Tetany (Spasmophilia) Summary

Description: A disorder characterized by muscle twitches, cramps, and carpopedal spasm, and when severe, laryngospasm and seizures. This condition is associated with unstable depolarization of axonal membranes, primarily in the peripheral nervous system. Tetany usually results from HYPOCALCEMIA or reduced serum levels of MAGNESIUM that may be associated with HYPERVENTILATION; HYPOPARATHYROIDISM; RICKETS; UREMIA; or other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1490)

Also Known As: Spasmophilia; Tetanilla; Neonatal Tetanies; Neonatal Tetany; Spasmophilias Show All >>

Networked: 545 relevant articles (20 outcomes, 38 trials/studies) for this Disease

Key Drugs and Agents for Tetany

Efficacy Chart >>
Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to treatments:
  1. Calcium : 6 outcomes 16 studies in 152 results : IBA
  2. Magnesium : 5 outcomes 7 studies in 93 results : IBA
  3. Vitamin D : 1 outcome 1 study in 23 results : FDA 10 Generic
  4. Potassium : 1 outcome 1 study in 18 results : IBA
  5. Salts : 1 outcome 1 study in 6 results : IBA
  6. Alloys : 1 outcome 1 study in 1 result : IBA
  7. Parathyroid Hormone (Parathormone) : 1 outcome in 17 results : IBA
  8. Furosemide (Lasix) : 1 outcome in 5 results : FDA 57 Generic
  9. Calcium Gluconate (CBG) : 1 outcome in 5 results : IBA
  10. Edetic Acid (EDTA) : 1 outcome in 4 results : FDA 1
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Diseases Related to Tetany

  1. Hypoparathyroidism
  2. Hypocalcemia
  3. Fistula
  4. Hyperventilation
  5. Spasm (Spasms)
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Key Therapies for Tetany

Efficacy Chart >>
  1. Thyroidectomy : 2 outcomes 1 study in 24 results
  2. Transplantation (Transplant Recipients) : 1 outcome in 8 results
  3. Airway Management : 1 outcome in 2 results
  4. Subcutaneous Injections : 1 outcome in 2 results
  5. Debridement : 1 outcome in 1 result
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