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Pneumocephalus Summary

Description: Presence of air or gas within the intracranial cavity (e.g., epidural space, subdural space, intracerebral, etc.) which may result from traumatic injuries, fistulous tract formation, erosions of the skull from NEOPLASMS or infection, NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES, and other conditions.

Also Known As: Cranial Airocele; Pneumocephalus, Epidural; Pneumocephalus, Traumatic; Pressure Pneumocephalus; Airocele, Cranial Show All >>

Networked: 273 relevant articles (6 outcomes, 6 trials/studies) for this Disease

Key Drugs and Agents for Pneumocephalus

Efficacy Chart >>
Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to treatments:
  1. Anti-Bacterial Agents (Antibiotics) : 1 outcome 2 studies in 3 results : IBA
  2. Ceftriaxone (Ceftriaxon) : 1 outcome 1 study in 2 results : FDA 33 Generic
  3. Hydrogel : 1 outcome 1 study in 1 result : IBA
  4. Polyethylene Glycols (Polyethylene Glycol) : 1 outcome 1 study in 1 result : FDA 36 Generic
  5. Mannitol (Osmitrol) : 1 outcome in 1 result : FDA 28 Generic
  6. Cerebrospinal fluid leak : 23 results : IBA
  7. Oxygen : 15 results : IBA
  8. Nitrous Oxide (Laughing Gas) : 15 results : IBA
  9. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma : 7 results : IBA
  10. Hydrogen Peroxide (Hydroperoxide) : 5 results : FDA 1 Generic
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Diseases Related to Pneumocephalus

  1. Meningitis
  2. Craniocerebral Trauma (Head Injury)
  3. Air Embolism (Gas Embolism)
  4. Intracranial Hemorrhages (Intracranial Hemorrhage)
  5. Wounds and Injuries (Trauma)
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Key Therapies for Pneumocephalus

Efficacy Chart >>
  1. Craniotomy : 2 outcomes in 36 results
  2. Deep Brain Stimulation : 1 outcome 2 studies in 4 results
  3. Positive-Pressure Respiration (PEEP) : 1 study in 4 results
  4. Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt : 37 results
  5. Epidural Anesthesia : 17 results
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