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Experimental basis of myocardial imaging with 123I-labeled hexadecenoic acid.

Abstract
Progress in myocardial perfusion imaging has been slowed by the lack or radiopharmaceuticals with suitable physical and biologic characteristics. Hexadecenoic acid, terminally labeled with 123I, partially overcomes these limitations by providing a compound that concentrates in the myocardium in proportion to relative regional blood flow and carries a gamma-emitter with desirable detection and imaging qualities. After intravenous injection in experimental animals, the clearance half-times of hexadecenoic acid for blood and myocardium are 1.7 and 20 min, respectively. These values compare favorably with 18-carbon fatty-acid analogs labeled with 11C. In acute and chronic infarction, similar distribution patterns are found for hexadecenoic acid and 43K, which indicates that hexadecenoic acid is a suitable substitute for the potassium analogs now in use for myocardial imaging. Because of the high count rates obtainable with 123I-hexadecenoic acid, good-guality images can be acquired in as little as 2-3 min per view. Iodine-123-hexadecenoic acid is potentially a useful radiopharmaceutical for clinical application.
AuthorsN D Poe, G D Robinson Jr, L S Graham, N S MacDonald
JournalJournal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine (J Nucl Med) Vol. 17 Issue 12 Pg. 1077-82 (Dec 1976) ISSN: 0161-5505 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID993841 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S., Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Fatty Acids, Unsaturated
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
Topics
  • Animals
  • Coronary Disease (diagnosis)
  • Dogs
  • Fatty Acids, Unsaturated
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Radionuclide Imaging

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