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Retinoid regulation of heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor gene expression in human keratinocytes and skin.

Abstract
Retinoic acid (RA) has profound effects on epidermal homeostasis; however, the molecular mechanisms by which retinoids regulate keratinocyte cell proliferation and differentiation are not well understood. Here we report that mRNA expression of heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF), a member of the EGF family of growth factors, is induced by RA in human keratinocytes and skin, and is overexpressed in the context of epidermal hyperplasia in vivo. Treatment of normal adult human keratinocytes with micromolar concentrations of RA significantly induced the expression of HB-EGF. The response was efficiently blocked by specific inhibitors of ErbB tyrosine kinase activity, MAP kinase kinase (MEK), or p38 stress-activated protein kinase. RA also enhanced the induction of HB-EGF mRNA in human skin organ culture, an ex vivo model system displaying many similarities to wound healing in vivo. HB-EGF transcripts were markedly increased in human skin by topical treatment with RA under conditions known to provoke epidermal hyperplasia. HB-EGF transcripts were also markedly overexpressed in the hyperplastic epidermis of psoriatic lesions, relative to normal skin. These results support the hypothesis that the effects of RA on epidermal hyperplasia are mediated at least in part by HB-EGF, and suggest that signal transduction mechanisms other than or in addition to nuclear RA receptors contribute to this effect.
AuthorsS W Stoll, J T Elder
JournalExperimental dermatology (Exp Dermatol) Vol. 7 Issue 6 Pg. 391-7 (Dec 1998) ISSN: 0906-6705 [Print] DENMARK
PMID9858142 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S., Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • HBEGF protein, human
  • Heparin-binding EGF-like Growth Factor
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Keratolytic Agents
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Tretinoin
  • Epidermal Growth Factor
Topics
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Epidermal Growth Factor (biosynthesis, genetics)
  • Gene Expression Regulation (drug effects)
  • Heparin-binding EGF-like Growth Factor
  • Humans
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Keratinocytes (drug effects, metabolism)
  • Keratolytic Agents (pharmacology)
  • Organ Culture Techniques
  • RNA, Messenger (analysis)
  • Skin (drug effects, metabolism)
  • Tretinoin (pharmacology)

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