[Abnormal hemoglobins and thalassemias in Mexico].

The distribution of abnormal hemoglobins in Mexico is derived from surveys and from the study of patients with hemolytic anemia. In aboriginal populations, more than 3,000 individuals have been studied: structural abnormal hemoglobins are virtually absent in Mexican Indians and the sporadic finding of hemoglobin S among them is due to admixture with Africans brought as slaves during the Spanish domination; two new variants of hemoglobin (Mexico and Chiapas) were found in aborigines. The surveys in hybrid groups in selected areas of the country show that in some West and East Coast communities there are different frequencies of Hb S heterozygous, and that a high prevalence of Hb S trait has been found in some communities similar to that in some African areas. In a group of 200 subjects of a town located along the Gulf of Mexico Coast, 6% of Hb S and 15% of thalassemia beta heterozygous is observed. In hospital surveys in two cities (Guadalajara and Puebla) several abnormalities of hemoglobin have been identified (C, SC, Riyadh, Baltimore, Tarrant, Fannin-Lubbock and Mexico). In the study of isolated cases, mainly of patients with hemolytic anemia, hemoglobins I-Philadelphia, G-San Jose and D-Los Angeles are seen. The thalassemias are the more frequent hemoglobin abnormalities in selected populations of our country. In a community of Italian ancestry a frequency of 1.3% of beta thalassemia trait is found. In our laboratory, 76% of the abnormalities are cases of beta thalassemia trait. Patients with Hb H disease, beta thalassemia (homozygous and heterozygous) and combinations of these abnormalities with hemoglobins S, Hb S + hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin (HPFH) and Hb E as well as families with delta-beta thalassemia, HPFH and Hb Lepore-Washington-Boston have been also detected.
AuthorsG Ruiz-Reyes
JournalRevista de investigación clínica; organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición (Rev Invest Clin) 1998 Mar-Apr Vol. 50 Issue 2 Pg. 163-70 ISSN: 0034-8376 [Print] MEXICO
Vernacular TitleHemoglobinas anormales y talasemias en la república mexicana.
PMID9658939 (Publication Type: English Abstract, Journal Article, Review)
Chemical References
  • Hemoglobins, Abnormal
  • Hemoglobins, Abnormal (analysis)
  • Humans
  • Mexico (epidemiology)
  • Thalassemia (blood, epidemiology, ethnology)

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