Two cases of psychogenic purpura.

Psychogenic purpura, also known as recurrent painful bruising or autoerythrocyte sensitization syndrome (Gardner-Diamond syndrome) is usually associated with emotionally disturbed patients. It is a troublesome entity for both patient and physician since extensive work-ups yield no diagnosis. We describe two females in their early twenties with recurrent painful bruising and diverse accompanying symptoms which appeared after physical trauma. One of the patients developed a bruise after intradermal injection of her own blood (with no reaction to saline injection). One patient had a personality (borderline) disorder, the other a factitious disorder. Punch biopsies revealed a perivascular inflammatory infiltrate, erythrocyte extravasation and no vasculitis. Psychogenic hemorrhagic disorders are uncommon yet must be considered in the differential diagnosis of purpura. Patients are usually young emotionally troubled females who present painful recurrent bruises on extremities frequently after trauma or surgery. Autoimmune mechanisms and increased cutaneous fibrinolytic activity have been implicated, although further studies are needed. Correct diagnosis is important to avoid aggressive and even mutilating treatments, and an adequate comprehension of these purpuras is important for the attending physician.
AuthorsC Archer-Dubon, R Orozco-Topete, E Reyes-Gutierrez
JournalRevista de investigación clínica; organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición (Rev Invest Clin) 1998 Mar-Apr Vol. 50 Issue 2 Pg. 145-8 ISSN: 0034-8376 [Print] MEXICO
PMID9658935 (Publication Type: Case Reports, Journal Article)
  • Adult
  • Borderline Personality Disorder (complications)
  • Contusions (physiopathology)
  • Factitious Disorders (physiopathology)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Purpura (physiopathology, psychology)

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