Long-term changes of ionotropic glutamate and GABA receptors after unilateral permanent focal cerebral ischemia in the mouse brain.

Long-term hyperexcitability was found after unilateral, permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion in exofocal neocortical areas of the adult mouse [Mittmann et al. (1998) Neuroscience 85, 15-27]. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis in an identical paradigm of ischemia. whether alterations in the densities of both excitatory and inhibitory amino acid receptors may underlie these pathophysiological changes. Alterations in densities of [3H]dizocilpine, [3H]D,L-amino-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid, [3H]kainate and [3H]muscimol binding sites were demonstrated with quantitative in vitro receptor autoradiography. All binding sites were severely reduced in the core of the ischemic lesion. A completely different reaction was found in the exofocal, histologically inconspicuous parts of the somatosensory cortex and the more remote neocortical areas of both hemispheres. The [3H]muscimol binding sites were significantly reduced four weeks after ischemia in the motor cortex, hindlimb representation area and exofocal parts of the primary and secondary somatosensory cortices of both hemispheres. The focus of the reduction in [3H]muscimol binding sites was found in lower layer V and upper layer VI. Contrastingly, the densities of [3H]dizocilpine binding sites were found to be increased in these areas, whereas those of [3H]D,L-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid and [3H]kainate binding sites did not show significant changes. The [3H]dizocilpine binding site density increased predominantly in layers III and IV. All binding sites were also reduced in the retrogradely reacting, gliotic part of the ipsilateral ventroposterior thalamic nucleus, whereas the [3H]D,L-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid binding sites were increased in the surround of the ipsilateral nucleus and no changes in binding sites were seen in the whole contralateral nucleus. We conclude that permanent local ischemia leads to a long-term and widespread impairment of the normal balance between binding sites of excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitter receptors in neocortical areas far away from the focus of the post-ischemic tissue damage. The imbalance comprises an up-regulation of the [3H]dizocilpine binding sites in the ion channels of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors and a down-regulation of [3H]muscimol binding sites of the GABA(A) receptors in the ipsi- and contralateral neocortex. These changes at the receptor level explain the previously observed hyperexcitability with the appearance of epileptiform field potentials and the long duration of excitatory postsynaptic potentials four weeks after ischemia.
AuthorsM Qü, T Mittmann, H J Luhmann, A Schleicher, K Zilles
JournalNeuroscience (Neuroscience) Vol. 85 Issue 1 Pg. 29-43 (Jul 1998) ISSN: 0306-4522 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID9607700 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Receptors, GABA
  • Receptors, Glutamate
  • Animals
  • Binding Sites (physiology)
  • Brain (metabolism, pathology)
  • Brain Ischemia (metabolism, pathology)
  • Cerebral Cortex (metabolism, pathology)
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred Strains
  • Receptors, GABA (physiology)
  • Receptors, Glutamate (metabolism)
  • Thalamic Nuclei (metabolism)
  • Thalamus (metabolism, pathology)
  • Time Factors

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