[Effects of KB-R7943, a novel Na+/Ca2+ exchange inhibitor, on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury].

The effects of KB-R7943 (2-[2-[4-(4-nitrobenzyloxy)phenyl]ethyl]isothiourea methanesulfonate) on major ion transporters were studied in canine cardiac sarcolemmal and sarcoplasmic reticular vesicles. KB-R7943 inhibited the Na+/Ca2+ exchange more potently than the Na+/H+ exchange, the Na+/K(+)-ATPase and the Ca2(+)-ATPase. The effects of KB-R7943 on ischemia/reperfusion-induced injury were studied in isolated rat perfused hearts in comparison with those of diltiazem and lidocaine. In normal hearts, diltiazem (10 microM) and lidocaine (100 microM) markedly reduced contractile function, but KB-R7943 (1, 10 microM) had no such effect. In the hearts subjected to 25-min ischemia and 30-min reperfusion, KB-R7943 concentration-dependently and significantly improved post-ischemic recovery of left ventricular developed pressure, left ventricular dP/dtmax and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure by pre-ischemic treatment (5 min) or post-ischemic treatment (10 min). Diltiazem and lidocaine showed similar improvement of recovery by pre-ischemic treatment, but they had no effect by post-ischemic treatment. Furthermore, the effect of KB-R7943 on arrhythmia was studied in anesthetized rats subjected to 5-min cardiac ischmeia and 10-min reperfusion. KB-R7943 (1, 10 mg/kg, i.v.) dose-dependently reduced the incidence and the duration of ventricular fibrillation. These results indicate that KB-R7943, a selective Na+/Ca2+ exchange inhibitor, has beneficial effects against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury and suggest that activation of the Na+/Ca2+ exchange mainly occurs immediately after reperfusion in the pathophysiological process of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury.
AuthorsA Nakamura, K Harada, H Sugimoto, F Nakajima, N Nishimura
JournalNihon yakurigaku zasshi. Folia pharmacologica Japonica (Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi) Vol. 111 Issue 2 Pg. 105-15 (Feb 1998) ISSN: 0015-5691 [Print] JAPAN
PMID9558649 (Publication Type: English Abstract, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • 2-(2-(4-(4-nitrobenzyloxy)phenyl)ethyl)isothiourea methanesulfonate
  • Sodium-Calcium Exchanger
  • Sodium
  • Thiourea
  • Calcium
  • Animals
  • Calcium (metabolism)
  • Dogs
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Female
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Male
  • Myocardial Ischemia (drug therapy, metabolism)
  • Myocardial Reperfusion Injury (drug therapy, metabolism)
  • Myocardium (metabolism)
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Sodium (metabolism)
  • Sodium-Calcium Exchanger (antagonists & inhibitors)
  • Thiourea (analogs & derivatives, pharmacology)
  • Ventricular Fibrillation (drug therapy)

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