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Undifferentiated HL-60 cells internalize an antitumor alkyl ether phospholipid more rapidly than resistant K562 cells.

Abstract
In this study, we confirmed a previous finding that 1-O-octadecyl-2-O-methyl-rac-glycero-3-phosphocholine (methyl-PAF) expresses higher antineoplastic activity against the promyelocytic leukemia cell line HL-60, than against the erythroleukemic cell line K562, and intended to clarify the reason for this. Using an albumin back-exchange method, we measured the rates of binding and internalization of [3H]methyl-PAF by HL-60 and K562 cells. We found that methyl-PAF associated very rapidly and to similar extents with the two types of cells at low concentrations of extracellular bovine serum albumin, but that when bound to the cell surface, it was internalized into HL-60 cells faster than into K562 cells. The internalization of methyl-PAF by HL-60 cells was concentration-independent, intracellular ATP-independent and susceptible to thiol group-modifying reagents and cytochalasin B. Thus the inward transbilayer movement of methyl-PAF seems to occur by cytochalasin B-sensitive protein-mediated mechanism based on passive diffusion not requiring energy, in which SH-groups of protein play a critical role. We also found that the internalization of 1-hexadecanoyl-2-(4,4-difluoro-5,7- dimethyl-4-bora-3a, 4a-diaza-s-indacene-3-pentanoyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (Bodipy-C5-PC), whose structure resembles that of methyl-PAF, into HL-60 cells was faster than that into K562 cells. Using a combination of an albumin back-exchange method and observation by confocal laser scanning microscopy, we next examined the intracellular distribution of this fluorescent phospholipid probe after its internalization. Intracellular membranes, especially those peripheral to nuclei, were fluorescence-labeled in both HL-60 and K562 cells, but fluorescence of the nuclear membranes was weak, suggesting that this probe seems mainly to accumulate in intracellular granules, and may interact directly with several key enzymes for phospholipid metabolism, leading to cell injury. Because the difference between the internalization rates of methyl-PAF in HL-60 and K562 cells was correlated with their different susceptibilities to the cytotoxic effect of methyl-PAF, we suggest that the capacities for uptake of methyl-PAF and its accumulation in intracellular membranes are critical factor for its induction of apoptosis. (c) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.
AuthorsT Tsutsumi, A Tokumura, S Kitazawa
JournalBiochimica et biophysica acta (Biochim Biophys Acta) Vol. 1390 Issue 1 Pg. 73-84 (Feb 5 1998) ISSN: 0006-3002 [Print] NETHERLANDS
PMID9487142 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Phospholipid Ethers
  • edelfosine
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
Topics
  • Adenosine Triphosphate (metabolism)
  • Antineoplastic Agents (pharmacokinetics)
  • Cytoskeleton (metabolism)
  • HL-60 Cells
  • Humans
  • Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute (metabolism)
  • Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute (metabolism)
  • Microscopy, Confocal
  • Phospholipid Ethers (pharmacokinetics)
  • Time Factors
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured

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