Human urinary macrophage colony-stimulating factor reduces the incidence and duration of febrile neutropenia and shortens the period required to finish three courses of intensive consolidation therapy in acute myeloid leukemia: a double-blind controlled study.

To determine whether macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) reduces the incidence and duration of febrile neutropenia during three courses of intensive consolidation therapy and whether it shortens time to complete consolidation therapy.
In 198 adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in complete remission (CR), M-CSF (8 x 10(6) U/d) or placebo was administered from 1 day after the end of each consolidation chemotherapy for 14 days.
The duration and incidence of febrile neutropenia was significantly reduced by 34% (P = .00285) and 17% (P = .02065), respectively, in 88 assessable patients in the M-CSF group compared with those in 94 assessable patients in the placebo group. Patients in the M-CSF group had 565 days and 133 episodes of febrile neutropenia during 7,901 days at risk, while patients in the placebo group had 977 days and 185 episodes during 9,077 days at risk. The median period required to finish the three courses of consolidation therapy was 93 days in the M-CSF group, which was significantly shorter than 110 days in placebo group (P = .0050). In the M-CSF group, the recovery of neutrophils and platelets was significantly faster (P = .0348 and P = 0.0364, respectively), the administration of systemic antimicrobial agents tended to be less (P = .0839), and the frequency of platelet transfusion (P = .0259) and the total volume of transfused platelets (P = .0292) were significantly less. However, there was no significant difference in the disease-free survival.
M-CSF significantly reduced the incidence and duration of febrile neutropenia during the intensive consolidation therapy, and shortened the time to complete consolidation chemotherapy in AML.
AuthorsR Ohno, S Miyawaki, K Hatake, K Kuriyama, K Saito, A Kanamaru, T Kobayashi, Y Kodera, K Nishikawa, S Matsuda, O Yamada, E Omoto, H Takeyama, K Tsukuda, N Asou, M Tanimoto, H Shiozaki, M Tomonaga, T Masaoka, Y Miura, F Takaku, Y Ohashi, K Motoyoshi
JournalJournal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (J Clin Oncol) Vol. 15 Issue 8 Pg. 2954-65 (Aug 1997) ISSN: 0732-183X [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID9256140 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor
  • Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
  • Acute Disease
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols (adverse effects, therapeutic use)
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Fever (chemically induced, therapy)
  • Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor (therapeutic use)
  • Humans
  • Leukemia, Myeloid (blood, drug therapy)
  • Leukocyte Count
  • Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor (adverse effects, therapeutic use, urine)
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neutropenia (blood, chemically induced, therapy)
  • Neutrophils
  • Platelet Count
  • Time Factors

Join CureHunter, for free Research Interface BASIC access!

Take advantage of free CureHunter research engine access to explore the best drug and treatment options for any disease. Find out why thousands of doctors, pharma researchers and patient activists around the world use CureHunter every day.
Realize the full power of the drug-disease research network!

Choose Username:
Verify Password: