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Photodynamic therapy for the treatment of tumor ingrowth in expandable esophageal stents.

AbstractBACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS:
Tumor ingrowth through self-expanding metal stents presents a difficult problem for management. The techniques for treating tumor ingrowth have not yet been well described, and the optimal endoscopic approach is not clear. We have recently used photodynamic therapy (PDT) to treat tumor ingrowth through uncovered nitinol mesh stents.
PATIENTS AND METHODS:
Four patients (mean age 73) with obstructive adenocarcinomas of the distal esophagus had received self-expanding stents for palliation of their dysphagia. After stent placement, tumor ingrowth had caused progressive dysphagia in all of the patients; the dysphagia was graded on a scale from 0 (normal) to 4 (inability to swallow liquids). All of the patients received PDT treatment.
RESULTS:
After PDT, excellent palliation of the dysphagia was seen in all of the patients, with a mean improvement in the dysphagia score of 2.25 and a mean dysphagia-free interval of 92 days. There were no major complications.
CONCLUSION:
The use of PDT to treat tumor ingrowth through self-expanding metal esophageal stents is effective and safe.
AuthorsD M Scheider, M Siemens, M Cirocco, G B Haber, G Kandel, P Kortan, N E Marcon
JournalEndoscopy (Endoscopy) Vol. 29 Issue 4 Pg. 271-4 (May 1997) ISSN: 0013-726X [Print] GERMANY
PMID9255530 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Alloys
  • Photosensitizing Agents
  • nitinol
  • Hematoporphyrin Derivative
Topics
  • Adenocarcinoma (complications, mortality, therapy)
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Alloys (adverse effects)
  • Deglutition Disorders (etiology, prevention & control)
  • Esophageal Neoplasms (complications, mortality, therapy)
  • Esophageal Stenosis (etiology, prevention & control)
  • Esophagoscopy
  • Female
  • Foreign-Body Reaction (etiology, prevention & control)
  • Hematoporphyrin Derivative (therapeutic use)
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Palliative Care (methods)
  • Photochemotherapy
  • Photosensitizing Agents (therapeutic use)
  • Prognosis
  • Stents (adverse effects)
  • Survival Rate

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