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Major viral diseases affecting fish aquaculture in Spain.

Abstract
The number of viruses isolated from fish has grown in the last few years as a reflection of the increasing interest in fish diseases, particularly those occurring in aquaculture facilities. Of all the described viruses, only a few are considered to be of serious concern and economic importance; they are described in this review, drawing special attention to the four families of viruses (Birnaviridae, Rhabdoviridae, Iridoviridae and Reoviridae) that have been reported in Spanish aquaculture. Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus, a member of the first family, is the most spread virus with a prevalence of 39%. Viral diseases are untreatable and because effective and safe vaccines for fish are not yet commercially available, a great care needs to be exercised when moving fish or eggs from one site or country to another. Some fish health control regulations have been legislated in Europe and USA.
AuthorsS I Pérez, S Rodríguez
JournalMicrobiología (Madrid, Spain) (Microbiologia) Vol. 13 Issue 2 Pg. 149-60 (Jun 1997) ISSN: 0213-4101 [Print] SPAIN
PMID9253755 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Review)
Topics
  • Animals
  • Aquaculture (legislation & jurisprudence)
  • Birnaviridae (classification, isolation & purification, ultrastructure)
  • Birnaviridae Infections (epidemiology, veterinary)
  • Fish Diseases (epidemiology, virology)
  • Fishes (virology)
  • Iridoviridae (isolation & purification, ultrastructure)
  • Reoviridae (classification, isolation & purification, ultrastructure)
  • Reoviridae Infections (epidemiology, veterinary)
  • Rhabdoviridae (isolation & purification, ultrastructure)
  • Rhabdoviridae Infections (epidemiology, veterinary)
  • Salmon (virology)
  • Spain (epidemiology)
  • Trout (virology)
  • Virus Diseases (epidemiology, veterinary, virology)

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