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A comparison of the effects of four therapy procedures on concentration and responsiveness in people with profound learning disabilities.

Abstract
This paper is an investigation into the efficacy of four therapeutic treatment procedures increasingly used with people with profound learning disabilities: snoezelen, hand massage/aromatherapy, relaxation, and active therapy (a bouncy castle). In particular, the effects of these procedures on concentration and responsiveness were examined. Eight subjects with profound learning disabilities took part in the study and each subject received each of the treatments. To assess the effects of the treatments, simple concentration tasks were administered and the subjects' responsiveness to each treatment was rated by independent observers. The results suggest that both snoezelen and relaxation had a positive effect on concentration and seemed to be the most enjoyable therapies for clients, whereas hand massage/aromatherapy and active therapy had no or even negative effects on concentration and appeared less enjoyable.
AuthorsW R Lindsay, D Pitcaithly, N Geelen, L Buntin, S Broxholme, M Ashby
JournalJournal of intellectual disability research : JIDR (J Intellect Disabil Res) Vol. 41 ( Pt 3) Pg. 201-7 (Jun 1997) ISSN: 0964-2633 [Print] ENGLAND
PMID9219068 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article)
Topics
  • Activities of Daily Living (psychology)
  • Adult
  • Aromatherapy
  • Attention
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Exercise Therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intellectual Disability (psychology, therapy)
  • Male
  • Massage
  • Middle Aged
  • Relaxation Therapy
  • Social Environment
  • Treatment Outcome

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