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Calcium-channel blockers preserve coronary endothelial reactivity after ischemia-reperfusion.

AbstractBACKGROUND:
Calcium-channel blockers have been reported to improve myocardial recovery after ischemia-reperfusion, but their effects on coronary blood flow regulation remain to be defined. Experiments were designed to evaluate the effects of calcium antagonists on coronary artery vasoregulation exposed to ischemia-reperfusion.
METHODS:
Three groups of hearts (n = 6) were pretreated with a 10-minute infusion of either diltiazem, verapamil, or nifedipine at concentrations of 10(-9) mol/L to 10(-6) mol/L and exposed to 30 minutes of no-flow ischemia and 45 minutes of reperfusion. Another group (n = 6) received no pretreatment and was used as control. Endothelium-dependent and -independent relaxations were tested by assessing coronary flow increase to 5-hydroxytryptamine (10(-6) mol/L) and sodium nitroprusside (10(-5) mol/L) infusion, respectively. Left ventricular pressure, its first derivative, and coronary basal flow were recorded before and after ischemia as well as during calcium antagonist infusion.
RESULTS:
Endothelium-dependent relaxation after ischemia was significantly improved with all three drugs in a dose-dependent fashion; nifedipine was found to be the more potent. Endothelium-independent relaxation was also significantly preserved with calcium antagonists regardless of the type, whereas left ventricular hemodynamics were not. During perfusion, nifedipine was found to have the most negative inotropic effect and to be the most potent vasodilator on the coronary circulation. Diltiazem was the less effective drug on both left ventricular hemodynamics and coronary circulation.
CONCLUSIONS:
This study indicates that preischemic infusion of calcium antagonists enhance endothelium-dependent and -independent coronary artery relaxation in the isolated rat heart model in a dose- and drug-dependent fashion. This can be achieved at low doses without affecting left ventricular hemodynamics and should contribute to preserve coronary artery autoregulation.
AuthorsF Dagenais, R Cartier, C Hollmann, J Buluran
JournalThe Annals of thoracic surgery (Ann Thorac Surg) Vol. 63 Issue 4 Pg. 1050-6 (Apr 1997) ISSN: 0003-4975 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID9124904 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Calcium Channel Blockers
  • Verapamil
  • Diltiazem
  • Nifedipine
Topics
  • Animals
  • Calcium Channel Blockers (pharmacology)
  • Coronary Circulation (drug effects)
  • Coronary Vessels (drug effects)
  • Diltiazem (pharmacology)
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Endothelium, Vascular (drug effects)
  • Male
  • Muscle Relaxation (drug effects)
  • Myocardial Reperfusion Injury (physiopathology)
  • Nifedipine (pharmacology)
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Verapamil (pharmacology)

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