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Cardiovascular effects of YM430, a 1,4-dihydropyridine derivative with beta-adrenoceptor blocking activity, in dogs and rats.

Abstract
We evaluated the cardiovascular effects of YM430, a novel 1,4-dihydropyridine derivative with beta-adrenoceptor blocking activity, in dogs and rats. In anesthetized dogs, YM430 (0.01-0.3 mg/kg, i.v.) dose-dependently decreased mean blood pressure, total peripheral resistance and double product without increasing the heart rate. YM430 (0.01-0.3 mg/kg, i.v.) increased coronary artery as well as vertebral artery blood flow, whereas its effects on carotid, mesenteric, femoral and renal blood flow were small. At the same dose range as that which induced vasodilation effects, YM430 had little effect on the max. dp/dt or PQ-interval. In conscious dogs, YM430 (0.1-1 mg/kg, i.v.) produced dose-dependent hypotension with tachycardia. In conscious rats, oral dosing of YM430 (100 mg/kg p.o.) produced a long-lasting hypotensive effect with slight tachycardia. YM430 also inhibited isoproterenol (0.1 micrograms/kg i.v.)-induced tachycardia. These two effects of YM430 may be attributable to its calcium entry blocking and beta(1)-adrenoceptor blocking activity, respectively. The time course of the hypotensive (calcium entry blocking) effect of YM430 after oral dosing was very similar to that of its inhibition of isoproterenol-induced tachycardia (beta(1)-adrenoceptor blocking effect). These results indicate that the ratio of the two activities (calcium entry blocking and beta(1)-adrenoceptor blocking) of YM430 is constant after oral administration. In conclusion, YM430 could be both an antianginal and antihypertensive agent, because of its dual activities.
AuthorsK Shibasaki, W Uchida, K Takizawa, N Masuda, T Okazaki, O Inagaki, M Asano, T Takenaka
JournalBiological & pharmaceutical bulletin (Biol Pharm Bull) Vol. 20 Issue 3 Pg. 230-6 (Mar 1997) ISSN: 0918-6158 [Print] JAPAN
PMID9084878 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Adrenergic beta-Antagonists
  • Calcium Channel Blockers
  • YM 430
  • Nifedipine
Topics
  • Adrenergic beta-Antagonists (pharmacology)
  • Animals
  • Arteries (drug effects)
  • Blood Pressure (drug effects)
  • Calcium Channel Blockers (pharmacology)
  • Dogs
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Female
  • Heart Conduction System (drug effects)
  • Heart Rate (drug effects)
  • Hemodynamics (drug effects)
  • Male
  • Nifedipine (analogs & derivatives, pharmacology)
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Vascular Resistance (drug effects)

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