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A multi-centre, double-blind comparative study of the efficacy and safety of aceclofenac and diclofenac in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

Abstract
A long term multi-centre, double-blind, parallel group study was undertaken to investigate the efficacy and safety of aceclofenac (170 patients, 100 mg b.i.d. and placebo once daily) in comparison to diclofenac (173 patients, 50 mg t.i.d.) given for 6 months to patients of both sexes with active rheumatoid arthritis. Efficacy was evaluated in 131 aceclofenac and 130 diclofenac patients at 15 days, 1, 2, 4 and 6 months. Although both treatment groups showed significant improvement in all evaluations of pain and inflammation (assessed by a Visual Analogue Scale and the Ritchie Index) and a progressive reduction in morning stiffness, there were no significant differences between the groups. There was, however, a trend towards greater improvement in hand grip strength with aceclofenac (22% improvement) than diclofenac (17% improvement). Adverse events in both groups were minor, predominantly gastro-intestinal, and fewer patients tended to experience gastro-intestinal events on aceclofenac (13%) than on diclofenac (17%). The overall assessment of tolerance, however, did not differ significantly between groups. In summary, this study supports a therapeutic role for aceclofenac in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, and suggests it is an effective and safe NSAID for the treatment of this disease.
AuthorsG Pasero, R Marcolongo, U Serni, M J Parnham, F Ferrer
JournalCurrent medical research and opinion (Curr Med Res Opin) Vol. 13 Issue 6 Pg. 305-15 ( 1995) ISSN: 0300-7995 [Print] ENGLAND
PMID8829889 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Comparative Study, Journal Article, Multicenter Study, Randomized Controlled Trial, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
  • Diclofenac
  • aceclofenac
Topics
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal (therapeutic use)
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid (drug therapy)
  • Diclofenac (adverse effects, analogs & derivatives, therapeutic use)
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Long-Term Care
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pain Measurement
  • Range of Motion, Articular (drug effects)
  • Treatment Outcome

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