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Metabolic myopathies.

Abstract
Disorders of glycogen, lipid or mitochondrial metabolism may cause two main clinical syndromes, namely (1) progressive weakness (eg, acid maltase, debrancher enzyme, and brancher enzyme deficiencies among the glycogenoses; long- and very-long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (LCAD, VLCAD), and trifunctional enzyme deficiencies among the fatty acid oxidation (FAO) defects; and mitochondrial enzyme deficiencies) or (2) acute, recurrent, reversible muscle dysfunction with exercise intolerance and acute muscle breakdown or myoglobinuria (with or without cramps) (eg, phosphorylase (PPL), phosphorylase b kinase (PBK), phosphofructokinase (PFK), phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK), phosphoglycerate mutase (PGAM), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) among the glycogenoses and carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT II) deficiency among the disorders of FAO or (3) both (eg, PPL, PBK, PFK among the glycogenoses; LCAD, VLCAD, short-chain L-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (SCHAD), and trifunctional enzyme deficiencies among the FAO defects; and multiple mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletions). Myoadenylate deaminase deficiency, a purine nucleotide cycle defect, is somewhat controversial and is characterized by exercise-related cramps leading rarely to myoglobinuria.
AuthorsI Tein
JournalSeminars in pediatric neurology (Semin Pediatr Neurol) Vol. 3 Issue 2 Pg. 59-98 (Jun 1996) ISSN: 1071-9091 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID8795843 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Review)
Chemical References
  • Enzymes
Topics
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Enzymes (deficiency)
  • Female
  • Genetic Testing
  • Glycogen Storage Disease (diagnosis, enzymology, genetics)
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Lipid Metabolism, Inborn Errors (diagnosis, enzymology, genetics)
  • Male
  • Mitochondrial Myopathies (diagnosis, enzymology, genetics)
  • Muscular Diseases (diagnosis, enzymology, genetics)
  • Myoglobinuria (diagnosis, enzymology, genetics)
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal Diagnosis

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