CD44 and melanocytic tumors: a possible role for standard CD44 in the epidermotropic spread of melanoma.

CD44 is a polymorphic family of cell membrane glycoproteins that mediate cell-matrix and cell-cell interactions involved in the mechanisms of tumor invasion and metastasis, and are subject to differential regulation during normal and malignant cell growth. We have investigated immunohistochemically the expression of CD44S and the variant isoforms CD44v3 and CD44v6 in paraffin-embedded tissue from 5 Spitz nevi, 3 compound melanocytic nevi, 2 blue nevi, 6 primary melanomas, 15 cutaneous metastases (three epidermotropic, nine dermal and three ulcerated) and 10 lymph node metastases of melanoma. Melanocytes were extensively positive for CD44S in primary melanomas and benign melanocytic proliferations. Among 15 cases of cutaneous metastases of melanoma, the three epidermotropic metastases, as well as one of the three ulcerated ones were positive for CD44S. CD44S expression was diminished or totally absent in six of the nine dermal metastases, in two of the ulcerated metastases and in seven of the ten lymph node metastases. CD44v3 and CD44v6 melanocytic expression was absent in all the lesions studied. According to our results, selective retention of CD44S expression by melanocytes in epidermotropic metastases of melanoma seems to indicate that preservation of CD44S may contribute to the intraepidermal spread of melanoma.
AuthorsM T Fernández-Figueras, A Ariza, A Calatrava, L Puig, A Fernández-Vasalo, C Ferrándiz
JournalJournal of cutaneous pathology (J Cutan Pathol) Vol. 23 Issue 2 Pg. 133-9 (Apr 1996) ISSN: 0303-6987 [Print] DENMARK
PMID8721447 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens, CD44
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens, CD44 (physiology)
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Melanoma (chemistry, etiology, immunology)
  • Nevus (etiology, immunology)
  • Skin Neoplasms (chemistry, etiology, immunology)

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