[Laparoscopic therapy of choledocholithiasis].

The introduction of laparoscopic cholecystectomy has led to controversial discussions about the proceeding in case of coincident common bile duct stones. In our unit choledocholithiasis has been treated laparoscopically since November 1991. Basic requirement has been a routine intraoperative cholangiography. 67 patients with common bile duct stones were treated until January 1995. All patients underwent a follow up and the results were compared to other concepts. In 40 cases common bile duct stones were eliminated via cystic duct and in 27 cases by choledochotomy. The choledochus was drained routinely for postoperative x-ray control. In 9 cases we found residual concrements: 7 patients required postoperative endoscopic papillotomy and in 2 cases the calculi where eliminated with a dormia basket introduced via drainage tube. In one case surgical management was changed to laparotomy. Postoperative complications occurred in 8 cases. One patient suffering from bacterial peritonitis underwent laparotomy on the 9th postoperative day; one with bleeding from the cystic artery was treated by relaparoscopy. One patient developed a liver abscess and two patients a bilioma requiring ultrasound guided drainage. A superficial wound infection in one patient and a biliary leakage after removal of the drainage in two patients healed spontaneously. Due to an intact papilla with less stress to the patient, as well as a complication rate comparable with other published therapeutic concepts, this strategy can be recommended as a valuable alternative procedure.
AuthorsJ Rechner, S Beller, A Zerz, G Szinicz
JournalZentralblatt für Chirurgie (Zentralbl Chir) Vol. 121 Issue 4 Pg. 278-82 ( 1996) ISSN: 0044-409X [Print] GERMANY
Vernacular TitleDie laparoskopische Therapie der Choledocholithiasis.
PMID8677681 (Publication Type: English Abstract, Journal Article, Review)
  • Cholangiography
  • Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic (instrumentation)
  • Choledochostomy (instrumentation)
  • Cystic Duct (radiography, surgery)
  • Drainage (instrumentation)
  • Gallstones (radiography, surgery)
  • Humans
  • Postoperative Complications (radiography, surgery)
  • Reoperation
  • Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic (instrumentation)
  • Treatment Outcome

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