[Intraoperative stent implantation in congenital stenosis of pulmonary veins].

Congenital stenosis and/or hypoplasia of the pulmonary veins(s) is a rare cardiac malformation, whose treatment is difficult and not well defined, so conditioning an extremely poor prognosis. In fact, balloon angioplasty and surgery proved to be ineffective during a mid-term follow-up, thus not significantly modifying the natural history of this cardiovascular malformation. Although heart-lung transplantation is thought by someone to be the sole reliable treatment for congenital stenosis of the pulmonary vein(s), a recently available therapeutic option, the endovascular "stent" implantation during cardiac catheterization prompted to hope for a better outlook for these patients. However, this procedure is far from being an easy approach, due to technical problems that cause a high rate of failure and major complications. We report on two cases of pulmonary vein stenosis successfully treated by endoluminal "stent" implantation during open heart surgery, and suggest, and suggest that this safe and effective approach might be an alternative therapeutic option in the definitive or palliative treatment of this congenital cardiovascular malformation.
AuthorsG Santoro, R Formigari, E Mazzera, L Ballerini
JournalGiornale italiano di cardiologia (G Ital Cardiol) Vol. 26 Issue 2 Pg. 201-5 (Feb 1996) ISSN: 0046-5968 [Print] ITALY
Vernacular TitleImplianto intraoperatorio di "stent" nella stenosi congenita delle vene polmonari.
PMID8666177 (Publication Type: Case Reports, English Abstract, Journal Article)
  • Constriction, Pathologic
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Pulmonary Veins (abnormalities, surgery)
  • Stents
  • Time Factors

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