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Hemodynamic effects of acute and chronic treatment with aladotril, a mixed inhibitor of neutral endopeptidase and angiotensin I-converting enzyme, in conscious rats with myocardial infarction.

Abstract
The aim of the present study was to determine, in rats with myocardial infarction, the systemic and cardiac hemodynamic effects of aladotrilat and of its prodrug, aladotril, both of which display inhibitory activity toward both neutral endopeptidase (NEP, EC. 3.4.24.11) and angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE). The effects of acute intravenous injection of aladotrilat (30 mg/kg bolus injection plus 30 mg/kg/hr infusion) were measured for 1 hr in conscious infarcted rats and compared with the effects of SQ 28,603, a selective NEP inhibitor (30 mg/kg bolus injection plus 30 mg/kg/hr infusion), and captopril, a selective ACE inhibitor (10 mg/kg bolus injection plus 10 mg/kg/hr infusion). Unlike SQ 28,603, aladotrilat and captopril produced a slight fall in mean arterial blood pressure. The three treatments had no significant effect on heart rate and rate of increase of left ventricular pressure (LV + dP/dt) but caused significant decreases in left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP). The effect of aladotrilat on decreasing LVEDP was faster than those of captopril or SQ 28,603. In chronic experiments, groups of rats received orally, twice daily, captopril (10 mg/kg), aladotril (100 mg/kg) or vehicle. Treatments were started 18 to 20 hr after coronary artery ligation and continued for 4 weeks. Hemodynamic parameters and cardiac hypertrophy were measured at the end of therapy. Unlike aladotril, captopril treatment resulted in significant decreases in mean arterial blood pressure and left ventricular systolic pressure (approximately 15 mm Hg) and produced renal vasodilation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
AuthorsC Marie, C Mossiat, J M Lecomte, J C Schwartz, J Bralet
JournalThe Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics (J Pharmacol Exp Ther) Vol. 275 Issue 3 Pg. 1324-31 (Dec 1995) ISSN: 0022-3565 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID8531099 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Protease Inhibitors
  • aladotril
  • aladotrilat
  • SQ 28603
  • Captopril
  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A
  • Neprilysin
  • Alanine
Topics
  • Alanine (analogs & derivatives, pharmacology)
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors (pharmacology)
  • Animals
  • Captopril (pharmacology)
  • Heart (drug effects, physiopathology)
  • Hemodynamics (drug effects)
  • Male
  • Myocardial Infarction (enzymology, physiopathology)
  • Neprilysin (antagonists & inhibitors)
  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A (metabolism)
  • Protease Inhibitors (pharmacology)
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar

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