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An escalating dose regime of recombinant interferon-alpha 2A in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C.

Abstract
Interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) has proven useful in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C, but a relapse in response is frequently observed. The possible benefit of daily administration of recombinant IFN-alpha 2A at an escalating (from 1.5 to 9 MU) regime depending on the evolution of serum aminotransferase (ALT) levels was evaluated in 31 adult patients with chronic hepatitis C. At the end of the first month with 1.5 MU of rIFN-alpha 2A, 9/31 (29%) had normal ALT values. Then, 22 patients were given 3 MU daily and at the second month 4 patients (18%) normalized ALT values. The 18 non-responders received 6 MU and 4 of them (22%) normalized ALT values (1 patient dropped out). Finally, the remaining 13 non-responders were given 9 MU and in 4 (30%) ALT fell to normal ranges. Three non-responders to 1.5 MU normalized ALT values when the dose of rIFN-alpha 2A was increased (n = 2, 3 MU; n = 1, 9 MU). The overall response achieved was 68%. Within 3 months after cessation of treatment, 12/20 (60%) responder patients had a relapse in ALT levels. Therefore, although daily administration of rIFN-alpha 2A does not improve the results obtained with a thrice-weekly schedule, a proportion of non-responders could benefit from an escalating dose to a high amount (63 MU/week) of rIFN-alpha 2A.
AuthorsO Bosch, L Tapia, J A Quiroga, V Carreño
JournalJournal of hepatology (J Hepatol) Vol. 17 Issue 2 Pg. 146-9 (Feb 1993) ISSN: 0168-8278 [Print] IRELAND
PMID8445228 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Interferon-alpha
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • interferon alfa-2a
  • Transaminases
Topics
  • Adult
  • Chronic Disease
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hepatitis C (drug therapy, enzymology)
  • Humans
  • Interferon-alpha (administration & dosage)
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Transaminases (blood)

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