Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of benazepril hydrochloride in patients with major proteinuria.

We have investigated whether the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the ACE inhibitor benazepril hydrochloride are altered with proteinuria by studying 8 patients with major proteinuria of different causes who were given a single dose of 10 mg p.o. The maximum plasma concentration of benazepril was found between 0.5 and 2 h after dosing (median 1 h). Its elimination was almost complete within 6 h. Peak plasma levels of benazeprilat, the active metabolite of benazepril, were observed between 1 and 6 h (median 2.5 h). The elimination of benazeprilat from plasma was biphasic, with mean initial and terminal half-lives of 3.0 and 17.3 h, respectively. On average, the pharmacokinetic parameters of benazepril and benazeprilat in the patients did not differ from those in a historical control group of healthy volunteers, but intersubject variability in the AUC and half-lives of benazeprilat was greater in the patients. Plasma ACE was completely inhibited from 1.5 to 6 h after dosing, and at 48 h the mean inhibition was still 42%. Plasma renin showed substantial intersubject variation. Mean supine blood pressure (systolic/diastolic) was reduced from baseline by a maximum of 18/13 mm Hg at 6 h. Proteinuria was diminished after benazepril in 7 patients. In conclusion, the results of this study suggest that proteinuria in the nephrotic range does not require a change in benazepril dosage.
AuthorsC Schweizer, G Kaiser, W Dieterle, J Mann
JournalEuropean journal of clinical pharmacology (Eur J Clin Pharmacol) Vol. 44 Issue 5 Pg. 463-6 ( 1993) ISSN: 0031-6970 [Print] GERMANY
PMID8359184 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Benzazepines
  • benazeprilat
  • benazepril
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors (blood, pharmacokinetics, pharmacology)
  • Antihypertensive Agents (blood, pharmacokinetics, pharmacology)
  • Benzazepines (blood, pharmacokinetics, pharmacology)
  • Female
  • Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Proteinuria (metabolism)

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