[Effect of diffusion limitation on gas exchange in the lung--analysis in oleic acid-induced lung injury].

To assess the effect of diffusion limitation on gas exchange in injured lungs with non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema, an experimental model of acute lung injury with alveolar flooding was produced in six mongrel dogs by intravenously injecting oleic acid at 0.06 ml/kg. The effect of diffusion limitation was quantitatively examined by measuring the excretion (E) of three indicator gases (acetylene, ethylene and freon-22) with differing solubility (lambda) and tissue diffusivity (d). The indicator gases were dissolved in normal saline and infused at a constant rate through a peripheral vein. Since acetylene and ethylene have nearly identical of d but differing lambda, the difference in E values of these two gases may solely reflect the effect of uneven distribution of ventilation-perfusion ratios (VA/Q) in the lung. Thus, measured E values of acetylene and ethylene allowed us to approximately predict the E of freon-22, the value corresponding to the condition where d of freon-22 was taken to be equal to that of acetylene or ethylene. The difference between predicted and measured E values of freon-22 is indicative of the limitation of diffusion in the lung periphery. In all the lungs studied, measured E values of freon-22 were consistently smaller than those predicted from acetylene and ethylene, leading to the conclusion that gas exchange in injured lungs with widespread pulmonary edema was partly impaired by diffusion in aqueous media.
AuthorsK Yamaguchi, A Kawai, M Mori, K Asano, T Takasugi, A Umeda, T Kawashiro, T Yokoyama
JournalNihon Kyōbu Shikkan Gakkai zasshi (Nihon Kyobu Shikkan Gakkai Zasshi) Vol. 31 Issue 5 Pg. 580-6 (May 1993) ISSN: 0301-1542 [Print] JAPAN
PMID8331843 (Publication Type: English Abstract, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Oleic Acids
  • Oleic Acid
  • Animals
  • Dogs
  • Lung (drug effects, physiopathology)
  • Oleic Acid
  • Oleic Acids (adverse effects)
  • Pulmonary Diffusing Capacity
  • Pulmonary Edema (chemically induced, physiopathology)
  • Pulmonary Gas Exchange

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