Ischemic cardioprotection by ATP-sensitive K+ channels involves high-energy phosphate preservation.

We previously demonstrated that ATP-sensitive K+ channels (KATP) protect the guinea pig myocardium against ischemia-reperfusion injury (Cole et al., Circ. Res. 69: 571-581, 1991), but the cellular alterations leading to ischemic injury affected by KATP remain to be defined. This study investigates the relationship between activation of KATP and preservation of high-energy phosphates during global no-flow ischemia in arterially perfused guinea pig right ventricular walls. Electrical and mechanical activity were recorded via intracellular microelectrodes and a force transducer. Glibenclamide (10 and 50 microM) and pinacidil (10 microM) were used to modulate KATP. ATP and creatine phosphate (CP) levels were determined at the end of no-flow ischemia by enzymatic analysis. Preparations were subjected to 1) 20 min no-flow +/- glibenclamide (10 or 50 microM), 2) 30 min no-flow +/- pinacidil (10 microM) or pinacidil (10 microM) and glibenclamide (50 microM), or 3) 40 or 50 min of control perfusion before rapid freezing in liquid nitrogen. Pinacidil (10 microM) enhanced ischemic shortening of action potential duration (APD) and early contractile failure, prevented ischemic contracture, and inhibited high-energy phosphate depletion during ischemia. Glibenclamide (50 microM) inhibited the effects of pinacidil (10 microM) on electromechanical function and preservation of ATP and CP. Glibenclamide (10 microM) alone inhibited the early decline in APD and produced earlier ischemic contracture but did not enhance ATP or CP depletion compared with untreated tissues during 20 min of no-flow. Glibenclamide (50 microM) produced a greater inhibition of APD shortening in early ischemia, further decreased the latency to ischemic contracture, and caused enhanced ischemic depletion of ATP. The data indicate the changes in electrical activity induced by KATP indirectly preserve high-energy phosphates and reduce injury associated with ischemia. However, the data also suggest the possible presence of additional mechanisms for cardioprotection by KATP.
AuthorsC D McPherson, G N Pierce, W C Cole
JournalThe American journal of physiology (Am J Physiol) Vol. 265 Issue 5 Pt 2 Pg. H1809-18 (Nov 1993) ISSN: 0002-9513 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID8238595 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Guanidines
  • Potassium Channels
  • Vasodilator Agents
  • Phosphocreatine
  • Pinacidil
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Glyburide
  • Action Potentials (drug effects)
  • Adenosine Triphosphate (metabolism, pharmacology)
  • Animals
  • Glyburide (pharmacology)
  • Guanidines (pharmacology)
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Heart (drug effects, physiology, physiopathology)
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Membrane Potentials (drug effects)
  • Myocardial Contraction (drug effects)
  • Myocardial Ischemia (physiopathology)
  • Myocardium (metabolism)
  • Phosphocreatine (metabolism)
  • Pinacidil
  • Potassium Channels (drug effects, physiology)
  • Reperfusion Injury (physiopathology, prevention & control)
  • Vasodilator Agents (pharmacology)

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