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Mapping of DNA alkylation sites induced by adozelesin and bizelesin in human cells by ligation-mediated polymerase chain reaction.

Abstract
In this study, we have mapped the intracellular alkylation sites of adozelesin and bizelesin, two potent analogs of CC-1065, in individual genes at the single-nucleotide level. Human colon carcinoma cells were treated with adozelesin and bizelesin, and the position of adducts were mapped within the PGK-1 and p53 genes by means of ligation-mediated polymerase chain reaction. The monofunctional alkylating agent adozelesin was found to alkylate genomic DNA predominantly within 5'-(A/T)(A/T)A* sequences. Additional sites of alkylation were observed within 5'-(A/T)(G/C)(A/T)A* sequences; however, these were considered to represent sites of medium to low preference. Bizelesin, a bifunctional analog capable of both DNA monofunctional alkylation and DNA interstrand cross-link formation, was also found to alkylate 5'-(A/T)(A/T)A* sequences. Putative bizelesin DNA interstrand cross-link sites indicated that AT-rich sequences are preferred in the intervening sequence between the two cross-linked adenines. Both six- and seven-nucleotide regions were identified as putative sites of DNA interstrand cross-link formation with 5'-TTTTTTA*, 5'-TTTATCA* and 5'-GTACTAA* sequences being preferred. Non-adenine bases are not observed as potential intracellular sites of either DNA interstrand cross-linking formation or monofunctional alkylation. Thus, the patterns of alkylation induced by adozelesin and bizelesin in genomic DNA are similar but not identical to that observed in purified cell-free DNA.
AuthorsC S Lee, G P Pfeifer, N W Gibson
JournalBiochemistry (Biochemistry) Vol. 33 Issue 19 Pg. 6024-30 (May 17 1994) ISSN: 0006-2960 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID8180230 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Alkylating Agents
  • Cyclohexanecarboxylic Acids
  • Cyclohexenes
  • Indoles
  • bizelesin
  • adozelesin
  • Urea
  • DNA
  • Phosphoglycerate Kinase
Topics
  • Alkylating Agents (pharmacology)
  • Base Sequence
  • Cyclohexanecarboxylic Acids (pharmacology)
  • Cyclohexenes
  • DNA (chemistry, drug effects)
  • Genes, p53
  • Humans
  • Indoles (pharmacology)
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phosphoglycerate Kinase (genetics)
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction (methods)
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Urea (analogs & derivatives, pharmacology)

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