Awareness of diarrheal disease control in rural and urban areas of Bihar.

Awareness regarding different aspects of prevention and treatment of diarrheal diseases among parents in rural and urban areas of Patna district were studied. Survey was done in 245 households from 30 villages of Bihta block and about 275 households from 30 different mohallas of Patna town. All aspects were poorly known to the rural community, particularly the illiterates and a large segment of literates of Bihta block. Rural people were significantly less aware than their urban counterparts regarding value of prolonged breast feeding, spoon feeding rather than bottle feeding, using hand pump and tap water for drinking and using latrine for nightsoil disposal in preventing diarrhea. Utility of measles immunization in prevention of diarrhea was unknown to the community. Generally parents thought antidiarrheal drugs a must for treatment. Knowledge regarding ORS and its use in diarrhea and vomiting was very poor and significant difference (p < 0.001) in awareness was observed between educated and illiterates. Majority parents did not know the correct method of preparation and uses of ORS and SSS. Due to high literacy rate and health consciousness, the educated and majority of literate parents of Patna town were better aware, more factual and had rational view regarding causes, method of prevention, fundamentals of use of ORS and home management of diarrhea in children, although certain aspects are yet to be cleared to them.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
AuthorsA K Sinha, S P Srivastava
JournalIndian pediatrics (Indian Pediatr) Vol. 30 Issue 12 Pg. 1433-9 (Dec 1993) ISSN: 0019-6061 [Print] INDIA
PMID8077033 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article)
  • Attitude to Health
  • Child
  • Child Welfare
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diarrhea (prevention & control, therapy)
  • Fluid Therapy
  • Health Education
  • Health Promotion
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • India
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • National Health Programs
  • Rural Population
  • Urban Population

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