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L-arginine decreases the infiltration of the kidney by macrophages in obstructive nephropathy and puromycin-induced nephrosis.

Abstract
We examined the effect of 1% L-arginine in the drinking water on the infiltration of the kidney by macrophages in rats with puromycin aminonucleoside-induced nephrosis (PAN) and in rats with bilateral ureteral obstruction (BUO) of 24 hours duration. Rats given L-arginine in the drinking water for three days before BUO or PAN was initiated had a greater glomerular filtration rate after release of BUO or induction of PAN than similar rats not given L-arginine (P < 0.0001). Administration of L-arginine decreased the renal infiltration by macrophages in rats with PAN (P < 0.0001) or BUO (P < 0.0001) compared to rats with PAN or BUO given tap water alone. Chemotaxis studies suggested that macrophages were activated during obstruction as evidenced by the greater random migration of peritoneal macrophages obtained from rats with 24-hour urethral obstruction than from sham-operated rats (SOR; P < 0.0001). In vitro, maximal chemotaxis induced by 7% zymosan-activated serum (ZAS) in peritoneal macrophages from SOR was enhanced by low (10(-6) to 10(-5) M) and decreased by high concentrations (10(-3) to 10(-2) M) of L-arginine in the incubation medium. Migration of macrophages from rats with urethral obstruction was increased by 7% ZAS but the increase diminished with high concentrations of L-arginine (10(-3) to 10(-2) M). Random migration of peritoneal macrophages obtained from rats with urethral obstruction given L-arginine prior to obstruction was significantly lower than that of peritoneal macrophages obtained from similar rats given tap water alone prior to obstruction.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
AuthorsA A Reyes, B H Porras, F I Chasalow, S Klahr
JournalKidney international (Kidney Int) Vol. 45 Issue 5 Pg. 1346-54 (May 1994) ISSN: 0085-2538 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID8072247 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Puromycin
  • Arginine
  • Corticosterone
Topics
  • Administration, Oral
  • Animals
  • Arginine (administration & dosage, pharmacology)
  • Cell Count
  • Cell Movement
  • Chemotaxis (drug effects)
  • Corticosterone (blood)
  • Female
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • Kidney (metabolism)
  • Macrophages, Peritoneal (metabolism)
  • Nephrosis (chemically induced, metabolism)
  • Puromycin
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Ureteral Obstruction (metabolism)

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