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Lymphocyte subpopulations, interleukin-2 and interleukin-2 receptor expression in childhood nephrotic syndrome.

Abstract
Abnormal T lymphocyte function and reduced interleukin-2 (IL-2) production have been implicated in the pathogenesis of the nephrotic syndrome (NS). We investigated: (1) lymphocyte subpopulations and expression of IL-2 receptor (IL-2R) on T cells using two-colour flow cytometry, (2) serum IL-2 and (3) the soluble component of IL-2R (sIL-2R) in serum, using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, in 38 children with NS. All children, except those in remission, had marked proteinuria. They were divided into groups according to renal pathology: (1) steroid-sensitive NS (SSNS) not receiving prednisolone therapy, (2) SSNS on prednisolone, (3) focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), (4) SSNS in remission and not receiving prednisolone therapy, (5) congenital NS (CNS). Results were compared with 26 age-matched controls. Total T lymphocytes (CD3) were reduced in groups 1 and 2; CD4 count was reduced in groups 1-4; CD8 count increased in groups 2 and 3; CD8 and CD19 (B lymphocytes) were significantly reduced in group 5. Increased IL-2R expression (CD25) on CD4 lymphocytes was noted in groups 1, 2 and 3 implying activation of these cells. In patients with SSNS, increased serum sIL-2R was recorded during relapse (1,273 +/- 497 U/l vs. 913 +/- 401 U/l in remission, P < 0.005) but free serum IL-2 was not detectable at any stage. The specific alterations in lymphocyte subpopulations in SSNS and FSGS would imply an involvement of the immune system distinct from that in CNS.
AuthorsS A Hulton, V Shah, M R Byrne, G Morgan, T M Barratt, M J Dillon
JournalPediatric nephrology (Berlin, Germany) (Pediatr Nephrol) Vol. 8 Issue 2 Pg. 135-9 (Apr 1994) ISSN: 0931-041X [Print] GERMANY
PMID8018488 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Interleukin-2
  • Receptors, Interleukin-2
Topics
  • Acute Disease
  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Female
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Interleukin-2 (biosynthesis)
  • Leukocyte Count
  • Lymphocyte Subsets (immunology)
  • Male
  • Nephrotic Syndrome (immunology)
  • Receptors, Interleukin-2 (biosynthesis)

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