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Induction of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) mRNA in bladders and spleens of mice after intravesical administration of bacillus Calmette-Guérin.

Abstract
Intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) therapy is highly effective in the therapy of carcinoma in situ of the bladder, but the mechanism of BCG immunotherapy is not clearly understood. We studied the production of TNF-alpha in spleens and bladders of mice after intravesical BCG or BCG/interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) instillation. Significant change of TNF-alpha mRNA expression of spleens and bladders of C3H/He mice was observed after intravesical BCG instillation, although intravesical IFN-gamma therapy 3 days after BCG instillation to maintain the activated state of monocyte/macrophage lineage cells did not show a significant change of TNF-alpha mRNA, compared with that of BCG therapy alone. Maximal production of TNF-alpha mRNA in spleens of mice was seen after the first or second intravesical BCG instillation, and production of TNF-alpha mRNA in bladders was also increased after intravesical BCG instillation. The increment of TNF-alpha production by BCG stimulation in HL-60, a promyelocytic leukaemic cell line, and peripheral blood mononuclear cells in vitro may support the in vivo effect of BCG therapy on the bladder. These data show that local production of TNF-alpha as well as systemic production by intravesical BCG treatment may correlate with one of the mechanisms of BCG immunotherapy of superficial bladder cancer.
AuthorsJ S Shin, J H Park, J D Kim, J M Lee, S J Kim
JournalClinical and experimental immunology (Clin Exp Immunol) Vol. 100 Issue 1 Pg. 26-31 (Apr 1995) ISSN: 0009-9104 [Print] ENGLAND
PMID7697918 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • BCG Vaccine
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Interferon-gamma
Topics
  • Administration, Intravesical
  • Animals
  • BCG Vaccine (administration & dosage)
  • Female
  • Gene Expression
  • Humans
  • Interferon-gamma (pharmacology)
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C3H
  • RNA, Messenger (genetics)
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Spleen (metabolism)
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (genetics)
  • Urinary Bladder (metabolism)

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