1,2,3-Trichloropropane: a multisite carcinogen in rats and mice.

1,2,3-Trichloropropane was evaluated in 2-year toxicology and carcinogenesis studies by the National Toxicology Program. The selection of this chemical for study was based on the potential for human exposure, its positive in vitro genotoxicity, and the carcinogenicity of structurally related chemicals. During the 2-year study 1,2,3-trichloropropane was administered in corn oil by gavage 5 days per week; groups of 60 F344/N rats received 0, 3, 10, or 30 mg/kg, while groups of 60 B6C3F1 mice received 0,6,20, or 60 mg/kg. Because of reduced survival associated with the development of chemical-related neoplasms, rats that received 30 mg/kg were terminated at 65 weeks (females) or 76 weeks (males). Similarly, mice that received 60 mg/kg were terminated at 73 weeks (females) or 79 weeks (males), while groups of mice that received 20 mg/kg were terminated at 88 weeks. 1,2,3-Trichloropropane induced benign and/or malignant neoplasms at multiple sites in both rats and mice; this included increased incidences of benign and malignant neoplasms of the squamous epithelium of the oral mucosa and forestomach of male and female rats, benign neoplasms of the kidney and pancreas and benign or malignant neoplasms of the preputial gland in male rats, malignant neoplasms of the mammary gland, and benign or malignant neoplasms of the clitoral gland in female rats. In mice, 1,2,3-trichloropropane induced a low incidence of malignant neoplasms of the oral mucosa in females, high incidences of benign and malignant neoplasms of the forestomach in males and females, benign neoplasms of the liver and harderian gland of males and females, and uterine neoplasms in females.
AuthorsR D Irwin, J K Haseman, S L Eustis
JournalFundamental and applied toxicology : official journal of the Society of Toxicology (Fundam Appl Toxicol) Vol. 25 Issue 2 Pg. 241-52 (May 1995) ISSN: 0272-0590 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID7665008 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Carcinogens
  • 1,2,3-trichloropropane
  • Propane
  • Animals
  • Body Weight (drug effects)
  • Carcinogenicity Tests
  • Carcinogens (toxicity)
  • Female
  • Harderian Gland
  • Intestinal Neoplasms (chemically induced)
  • Liver Neoplasms (chemically induced)
  • Male
  • Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental (chemically induced)
  • Mice
  • Mouth Neoplasms (chemically induced)
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms (chemically induced)
  • Propane (analogs & derivatives, toxicity)
  • Rats
  • Skin Neoplasms (chemically induced)
  • Stomach Neoplasms (chemically induced)
  • Uterine Neoplasms (chemically induced)

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