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Randomized trial comparing three different regimens of alpha-2a-interferon in chronic hepatitis C. The TriVeneto Viral Hepatitis Group.

Abstract
Alpha-interferon (IFN-alpha) is an effective treatment for chronic hepatitis C, but only 20% to 30% of patients are apparently cured with the current recommended schedule of 3 MU given three times a week for 6 months. To evaluate the efficacy of more aggressive treatment regimens, we have conducted a randomized trial in 174 patients with chronic hepatitis C using three different schedules: (1) 12-month treatment starting with 6 MU/ three times a week and decreasing the dose on the basis of serum alanine transaminase (ALT) activities (group A: 59 cases); (2) fixed dose of 3 MU three times a week for 12 months (Group B: 61 cases), (3) fixed dose of 6 MU three times of week for 6 months (Group C: 54 cases). Patients were evaluated during therapy for biochemical and virological response and followed for at least 12 months after therapy to assess long-term efficacy and liver histological outcome. The genotype of infecting HCV was also analyzed in all patients, and predictors of response were determined by multivariate analysis. Serum ALT became normal during therapy in 76% of patients (95% confidence interval [CI]: 63 to 86), 65% (CI: 52 to 77), and 74% (CI: 60 to 85) in groups A, B, and C, respectively (P = NS). The corresponding figures for sustained response 12 months after therapy were 49% (CI: 36 to 62), 31% (CI: 20 to 44), and 28% (CI: 16 to 42)(A vs. B, P = .06; A vs. C, P = 0.03). Eighty-six percent of patients with sustained response cleared HCV-RNA from serum, and 72% improved histologically.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
AuthorsL Chemello, P Bonetti, L Cavalletto, F Talato, V Donadon, P Casarin, F Belussi, M Frezza, F Noventa, P Pontisso
JournalHepatology (Baltimore, Md.) (Hepatology) Vol. 22 Issue 3 Pg. 700-6 (Sep 1995) ISSN: 0270-9139 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID7657272 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Comparative Study, Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Interferon-alpha
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • interferon alfa-2a
Topics
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Chronic Disease
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Female
  • Genotype
  • Hepacivirus (genetics)
  • Hepatitis C (mortality, therapy, virology)
  • Humans
  • Interferon-alpha (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Survival Analysis
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome

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