Alteration of human serum ribonuclease activity in malignancy.

A review of the literature and current biochemical studies is presented which provides significant evidence of alteration in the level of the enzyme ribonuclease activity in cancer. Current studies reveal that 80% of all cancer patients have alteration in ribonuclease activity and that individuals known to be at high risk for the development of cancer also demonstrate significant alteration of ribonuclease activity. It is noted that while elevation of serum ribonuclease exists within the cancer state and appears to be independent of clinical status (relapse, remission, or cured), diminished activity is found within the tumor itself. Animal models are reviewed which demonstrate that ribonuclease activity becomes elevated in the murine species subsequent to the transplantation of tumor and following the infection of the host with oncogenic virus. The occurrence of elevated ribonuclease activity in high tumor incidence strain mice long before the development of overt tumor is alos discussed. To date it is not possible to assign a specific function to the changes in the level of ribonuclease in connection with the cancer state. However, evidence indicating that tumor chemotherapy is generally associated with early elevation of ribonuclease activity within the tumor cell suggests that increased ribonuclease activity may play a role in the process by which the host restricts neoplastic transformation. The potential of this enzyme as a biochemical marker in cancer is discussed.
AuthorsD Maor, M R Mardiney Jr
JournalCRC critical reviews in clinical laboratory sciences (CRC Crit Rev Clin Lab Sci) Vol. 10 Issue 1 Pg. 89-111 ( 1978) ISSN: 0590-8191 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID752446 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Ribonucleases
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Breast Neoplasms (enzymology)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Neoplasms (diagnosis, enzymology)
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms (enzymology)
  • Ribonucleases (blood)

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